3 Months agoWe delve into Connectivity and Communication, Safety and Security and Waste and Air management as key Swedish solutions for Indian Smart Cities. Read on to know more.
The Government of India embarked on the Smart Cities Mission in 2015 to create 100 Smart Cities to fulfil the promise of sustainable living. These cities will boast of state-of- the-art infrastructure and provide a good quality of life to its citizens, while promoting ‘smart solutions’ to tackle issues caused by rapid urbanisation.1
Sweden has a long history of promoting sustainable approach, especially in the sphere of urban development. Swedish companies are among the pioneers of innovative and sustainable solutions for core infrastructure elements of a smart city, including efficient urban mobility, solid waste management, communication and connectivity and safety and security, among others.2
To facilitate the transfer of knowledge and promote sustainable and environment-friendly practices, Sweden and India signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in 2015 in the sphere of Sustainable Urban Development. The agreement aims to “promote bilateral cooperation between the participants in the field of sustainable urban development” and to further bolster relationship between the two nations.3
Furthermore, the Sweden India Smart Cities Platform set up by Sweden is in sync with India’s Smart Cities Mission and serves as a platform to develop smart solutions suited to cities in India.
In the previous article on Smart cities, we talked about the Swedish solutions available for Energy Management and Urban Mobility. This article will shed light on the solutions for the following categories:
- Connectivity and Communication
- Safety and Security
- Waste and Air management
SMART SOLUTIONS BY SWEDISH COMPANIES
- CONNECTIVITY AND COMMUNICATION
In the sphere of connectivity and communication, Sweden has been at the forefront. As per the Global Connectivity Index, Sweden is the world’s third most connected country. Industry estimates suggest that Sweden’s technical expertise in the field is likely to result in all its transactions turning digital by 2020.4
Stockholm was home to the world’s first 4G network brought online in 2009.
Sweden is the second-most capital-intensive tech hub in the world on a per capita basis and generates revenue of 6.3 billion-dollars per 1 million people.
Ericsson is one of the global leaders in communications and is known for its innovative solutions. The Swedish company’s partnership with Stockholm Royal Seaport is considered as an international model for sustainable development. The Seaport is said to have 12,000 homes and 30,000 workspaces and Ericsson plays the role of one of the lead ICT partners. Similar projects in the pipeline include a smart urban grid and a vacuum-powered smart waste collection system, among others.5
Similarly, one of Sweden’s premier technology companies, Icomera, produces routers for public transport vehicles, thereby fulfilling the objective of connecting millions of Wi-Fi users and thousands of vehicles in as many as 40 countries. Icomera’s technology is being utilised by commercial airlines such as Indigo, who are increasingly switching from paper documents for pilots to electronic documents. With internet connectivity available anywhere on the tarmac, electronic documents can easily be updated.
- SAFETY AND SECURITY
Sweden-based Axis Communications, the leader in CCTV surveillance projects, provides intelligent security solutions to ensure safety across the world. A case in point is its collaboration with India in a project for Nanded Waghala City Municipal Corporation and Nanded Police. To address growing security concerns pertaining to the prevention of disasters, crimes and better governance, Axis Communications installed 104 high- resolution cameras at all the significant locations in the city, including major entry and exit points as well as critical junctions.6
FLIR Systems is involved in the design, development and distribution of sensing solutions that are provided by way of thermal imaging. These solutions include the effective distribution of electricity and safety measures such as CNG storage stations for vehicles or even building solutions to prevent fire through short circuits. Presently, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) utilises FLIR’s thermal imaging cameras to monitor safety and security and ensure that commuters reach their destinations on time. FLIR’ solutions help in the detection of any technical faults that require attention, so that appropriate action is taken before a breakdown.7
To reduce carbon emissions, Sweden has adopted a green approach at the Stockholm Arlanda airport to promote noise-reduction, efficient fuel management and minimum pollution. Additionally, the airport is also working towards reduction of landing time to reduce unnecessary waiting time in the air.
Stockholm is the world’s second city to levy congestion charges (airlines operating in Sweden should pay a tax of between USD 9-USD 47 per passenger and flight to compensate for climate pollution) that have resulted in greater usage of public transport by 4-5% and a drop in carbon emissions by up to 50%.
- WASTE AND AIR MANAGEMENT
Swedish multinational firm, Envac is operational in 22 countries and is known for its automated waste collection system. The collection of waste is completely automated and environment-friendly, thereby leading to greater hygiene and better quality of health. Envac has installed the first automated waste and recyclable segregation plant in the world at GIFT City in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The smart city boasts 112 towers with up to 60 storeys, commercial zones, hospitals and schools. This project, if successful, will be a benchmark for waste management and a model for future Indian smart cities.8
In the sphere of air management, Camfil boasts of clean air solutions and is working towards the effective resolution of growing air pollution. The company’s air purifiers are now being used at a corporate day care center of an automotive component company.
Presently, 99.7% of the household waste in Sweden is recycled.
Sweden imports 800,000 tonnes of waste every year from other countries for energy generation.