The National Biotechnology Development Strategy (NBDS 2015-2020) aims to establish India as a world-class bio-manufacturing hub. The 4 missions of NBDS are healthcare, food and nutrition, clean energy and education, which will enable India to achieve $100 bn by 2025.1 The Department of Biotechnology (DBT), in collaboration with the World Bank, launched the Innovate in India (I3) program. The program brings together the industry to promote entrepreneurship and indigenous manufacturing. This will be implemented by the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), managed through a dedicated Program Management Unit (PMU).2 BIRAC Regional Bio-innovation Centre (BRBC) was established at Venture Centre, Pune in 2018. BRBC is authorized to be a high quality national resource centre for governing start-ups, train incubator managers and promote Entrepreneurship in Life Sciences.3

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“Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)” is being applied in 15 agro-climatic regions of India in a phased method to provide ready solutions to the farm problems. This programme empowers the women farmers, helps develop best farming practices and improves agriculture productivity, thus, connecting existing science and technology to agriculture.1

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India’s 1st Second-Generation (2G) Ethanol plant was inaugurated and subsequently transferred to Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL). BPCL and HPCL have built commercial scale biomass ethanol plants in 2018. BPCL is also setting-up a ‘Lignocellulosic Biomass 2G Ethanol Bio-refinery’ for production of ethanol from potential biomass feedstock. 3 projects taking off for 2G Ethanol production from lignocellulosic agricultural waste at the three following locations are - Bargarh (Odisha), Bina (Madhya Pradesh) and Khamgaon (Maharashtra).1

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BIRAC has taken many initiatives in promoting the Swachh Bharat mission.1 DBT is participating in the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan through a range of initiatives like bioremediation of filthy water, river clean-up technologies and bio-toilet technologies. The DBT-ICT Centre for Energy Biosciences at Mumbai has broadcasted a new project on Next Generation Waste Treatment Technology Platform, containing 3 novel technologies: 1MLD capacity sewage water processing plant, Microbial Resource Repositories have been established at NIMR, Pune and IBSD, Imphal, Hippophae Germplasm centre developed at IHBT Lahoul Spiti.2 The solutions for Community Health (SoCH) 2017-18 was declared based on the following: Platform technologies for reducing the burden of Diseases (Communicable and Non-communicable diseases) and Sanitation and Waste Recycling.3

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With an objective to help Make-in-India, BIRAC & Kalam Institute of Health Technology (KIHT) have partnered to facilitate start-ups, entrepreneurs, researchers, academicians, incubation centres & SMEs in testing & standardization of medical devices. BIRAC has been able to create a pan-India presence supporting over 700 biotech companies, research institutes, and small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs). These include 500 start-ups and entrepreneurs. 147 Intellectual Property Rights (IPs) have been generated with the support of BIRAC. Also, 35 Bio incubators have been set up across India with world class facilities. The first international incubator - Clean Energy International Incubator has been set up under Mission Innovation by DBT & BIRAC. Start-up India and Make-in-India Initiatives (2018-19): Number of technologies/ products commercialised - 14; Number of patents filed - 11; Number of start-ups & entrepreneurs supported - 87; Number of Bio Incubators supported – 4 Incubation space created - 57,000 sq.ft.1

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As on June 2019