6 Superstar Sectors Boosting Make in India
The automotive sector has played a key role in the success of the government’s Make in India initiative.1 Many global carmakers – such as Renault, Suzuki, Honda, Volkswagen - have set up their manufacturing base in the country.
Automotive companies are embracing the opportunity to leverage India as a hub for low-cost, high-quality products.2
Over 500 million people are expected to be living in Indian cities by 2030. Clubbed with growing income levels, it is expected that India’s consumer class will expand, leading to higher spending on more and better vehicles across segments – providing automotive companies with a ready-made market.3
The Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2026 aims to position the Automotive Industry as the engine of the Make in India programme. The AMP 2026 presents the roadmap for the various segments within the automotive industry. It is collectively decided by the Government of India and the Indian Automotive Industry4.
Some of the key highlights of the AMP 2026 include:5
- The automotive industry to grow 3.5 – 4 times the current value of $74 Bn to $260 Bn – $300 Bn
- Contribute over 12% to India’s GDP
- Generate 65 mn jobs
- Increase exports to 35-40% of the total output
2 ELECTRONICS SYSTEM DESIGN & MANUFACTURING
Electronics hardware manufacturing is one of the important pillars of both Make in India and Digital India.1
Major efforts are underway to establish India as a global electronics manufacturing hub.
One such initiative is the National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 2019. It aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing – by developing and driving capabilities in the country for developing core components, including chipsets, and creating an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally.2
The goals of the NPE 2019 are:
- To attract an investment of $100 Bn
- To reach a turnover of $400 Bn
- To create employment for 28 mn people
- To increase exports from $8 Bn to $80 Bn
- To Produce 1 bn mobile handsets by 2025.3
Foreign investors include Panasonic, GE, Mitsubishi, Qualcomm.4
3 RENEWABLE ENERGY
India’s renewable energy potential is vast and largely untapped. In 2015, India’s solar energy potential was estimated to be greater than 750 Giga-Watt (GW) and wind energy potential was pegged at 302 GW.1
India has pledged that it will derive at least 40% of its energy needs from renewable sources by 2030.2 This includes plans to develop 100 GW of solar energy by 2022.3
Between April 2000 and December 2018, the total FDI equity inflow in the non-conventional energy sector was $7.5 Bn, which has allowed for the addition of 37.84 GW of capacity.4
The International Finance Corporation (IFC), the World Bank’s private sector division, is assisting the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh to set up a 750 Mega-Watt (MW) ultra-mega solar project in Rewa. This will be the largest single-site solar project in the world.5
Major foreign investors included Gewwnko, Mudajaya Group Berhad, Orix, Ostro, Moserbaer.
4 ROADS & HIGHWAYS
The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways declared 2018-19 as the “year of construction”. In the first nine months of FY 2018-19, 5,759 km of roads and highways have been constructed. As of 31 December 2018, 61,300 km length of roadways, costing more than $97.4 Bn were in progress.1
Various landmark projects such as Bharatmala Pariyojana, Setu Bharatam, Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna, Eastern Peripheral Expressway, Western Peripheral Expressway, etc. were underway in 2018.2
India is one of the biggest producers of pharmaceutical products and a leading player in the global generics market, exporting nearly 50% of its production.1
FDI equity inflows in the sector, during April 2014-March 2016, amounted to $2.25 Bn.
Major foreign investors included Abbot Asia Holdings ltd (United Kingdom), Mynlan Group B.V. (Netherlands) and Hospira Pte Limited (Singapore).2
6 FOOD PROCESSING
Food Processing is one of India’s sunrise sectors and is vital to the country’s development, bringing together agriculture and industry. Under Make in India, the Ministry of Food Processing is assisting 135 integrated cold chain projects while 7 Mega Food Parks were operationalized.1 Each food park creates 5,000 jobs and benefits 25,000 farmers. The industry is also at the forefront of ease of doing business reforms, from a single dedicated investor facilitation cell to custom clearance reforms.2