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Setting up Business in India
  • Any foreign investors can commence business in India as:
  • 1. **Foreign company
    • Liaison office – To represent parent company in India
    • Branch office – To undertake activities such as export, import of goods, research, consultancy etc.
    • Project office – Activities as per contract to execute project
    (for carrying out export import, research and project execution operations)
  • 2. *Indian Company:
    • Joint Venture or Wholly owned subsidiary – Any investor can enter into a JV or Wholly owned subsidiary as either Private Ltd. or Public Ltd company subject to Companies Act 2013
  • 3. Limited Liability Partnership:
    • LLP (Subject to provisions of LLP Act, 2008)
    • FDI permitted under automatic route in LLPs operating in sectors/ activities where 100% FDI is allowed via automatic route and there no FDI linked performance conditions***
    (for carrying out manufacturing/ services and other related business operations)
  • Types of permitted business establishments in India:
    • One-person company
    • Private Ltd. company
    • Public Ltd. company
    • Sole proprietorship
    • Partnership firm
    • Limited Liability Partnership
    • Foreign company
  • Note:

    *Incorporate company in India s.t. sectoral caps and requisite approvals

    **RBI guidelines regarding establishment of LO/BO/PO: As per company law, a resident having PAN to be appointed for receiving notices in India for foreign company

    ***For detailed definitions, clarifications/ exceptions, please refer to Consolidated FDI Policy document
  • Availability of Land:
    • Acquisition of land - Application to respective State DI/ State Industrial Development Corporation (SIDC)/ Infrastructure Corporation/ Small Scale Industrial Development Corporation (SSIDC)
    • Permission for land use - Applicable in case industry located outside an industrial area Concerned departments:
      • State Directorate of Industries (DI)
      • Department of Town and Country Planning
      • Local authority/ District Collector
  • Types of Land Allocation:
    • Special Economic Zones, Software Technology Parks, Sector-specific Clusters, Export Oriented Unit
    • National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs)
    • Private Land - as per FDI policy and State-specific regulations/Conversion from agricultural to non-agricultural land
    • Industrial Parks/ Zones/ Areas – Country/Industry-specific or Multi-product.
  • The Government has integrated Industrial Information System (IIS) portal as part of the Digital India initiative to provide updates on land availability and plot-level information on a real-time basis and help investors make informed decisions. Investors can go to and simply register on the portal.


For further queries, Connect with Invest India:

Investing in India

  • Check availability of name / registered trademark for incorporation of the company
  • Reserve the name of the proposed company through online service RUN on the MCA website. Name can also be applied through SPICe+
  • Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for at least one proposed Directors of the Company. DIN for proposed Directors can only be applied for through form SPICe+
  • Form INC 32 (SPICe+) to be duly filled and submitted to RoC for incorporation of the company. PAN and TAN are shall be auto-generated based on details filed in the SPICe+ form
  • Filing of electronic Memorandum of Association (eMoA - INC 33) & Articles of Association (eAoA- INC 34) in SPICe+ . For foreign subscribers physical MoA and AoA to be executed and attached
  • SPICe+ & AGILE upload and fee payment are confirmed by MCA. The application (SPICe+) for incorporation of a company shall be accompanied by a linked e-form INC-35 (AGILE) with effect from 31st March 2019, as notified vide the Companies (Incorporation) Third Amendment Rules, 2019 dated 29th March 2019*
  • Central Registration Centre (CRC) verifies/scrutinises all the documents and forms and may suggest few changes to be made in the attachments or form itself. One needs to make necessary changes accordingly
  • Obtain certificate of incorporation (CoI). CIN, PAN & TAN numbers are allotted at the time of registration
  • A company having share capital is required to file a declaration of receipt of subscription amount and verification of registered office within 180 days of incorporation and prior to commencement of business.
  • Note:
    • Notarization & Apostilling/legalization of documents mandatory in case of foreign subscribers / Directors
    • Some registrations would be applicable based on the state in which the company is incorporating and the nature of the business activity
    • *GSTIN, ESIC registration and EPFO registration may be obtained at the time of incorporation by filing an AGILE form
  • Processes/ Compliances
    • Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)
    • Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for proposed Directors
    • Approval for proposed Company/ LLP Name
    • Finalization of supporting documents
    • Filing of e-forms with CRC
    • Verification of documents
    • Consent to establish & operate
    • Obtain Permanent Account Number (PAN)
    • Registration for Tax Account Number (TAN)
    • Registration of GST
    • Registering / categorization of unit in State
    • Approval for State Incentives (Optional)
    • IEM/ EM Registration
    • MSME Registration
    • Acquisition of Land
    • Environment, Forest and Wildlife Clearance
    • Permission for Land Use
    • Pollution Board
    • Industrial License
    • Consent to Establish
    • Factory Layout Plan Approval
    • Registration of Boilers
    • Building Plan Approval
    • Registration under Contract Labour Act 1970
    • Registration under BOCW Act
    • Power for construction
    • Provisional Fire Approval
    • Approval for lifts & Escalator
    • Consent to operate
    • Building Completion certificate
    • Final Fire Approval
    • Water Connection
    • Power
    • Authorization for hazardous waste
    • Professional Tax Registration
    • Central Excise Registration
    • Shops & Establishment Act
    • Employee Registration with ESIC
    • Employer Registration with EPFO
    • Trademark/ Brand Registration
    • Importer Exporter Code (IEC)
    • Customs- Special Valuation Branch
    • Grant for Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) License
    • Quality Marking Certificate
  • Overview
    • Over the last few years, the government of India (GoI) and various State (provincial) Governments have undertaken various policy reforms and process simplification towards great predictability, fairness & automation. This has consequently, lead to India’s consistent rise in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) rankings over the past few years. India stands in the 63rd position out of 190 countries as per the latest EoDB rankings (2020).
  • Key Features of India’s taxation system:
    • Taxes in India are levied by the Central Government and the State Governments. Some minor taxes are also levied by the local authorities such as the Municipality and Local Government.
    • A resident company is taxed on its worldwide income. A non-resident company is taxed only on income that is received in India, or that accrues or arises, or is deemed to accrue or arise, in India. Company whether Indian or foreign is liable to taxation, under the Income Tax Act,1961.
    • Corporation tax is a tax that is levied on the incomes of registered companies and corporations. Taxes in India are primarily into 2 categories - Direct and Indirect Tax.

Goods & Services Tax (GST)

  • Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a unified indirect tax across the country on products and services. It is a comprehensive levy on manufacture, sale and consumption. It is a destination-based consumption tax.
  • The GST, dual in nature is levied by both the Centre and State. The Central GST (CGST) is levied on the intrastate supply of goods and/or service by Central Government and State GST (SGST) is levied by the States.
  • Integrated GST (IGST) is levied and administered by the Centre on every inter-state supply of goods and services.
  • Import of goods or services is treated as inter-state supplies and is subject to IGST in addition to Basic Custom duty.
  • CGST, SGST and IGST are levied at uniform rates, mutually agreed upon by the Centre and the States under the aegis of the GST Council (GSTC).
  • All goods and services are covered under GST except alcohol for human consumption and specified petroleum products.
  • For further details please visit the Taxation overview page over the Invest India website
  • Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MoCI) facilitates and promotes foreign trade in India. The DGFT also implements the Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP).
  • Total exports (Services and Goods) is USD 496.38 bn in 2020-21, surpassed half trillion. (Source)
  • FTP is the prime policy that lays down simple and transparent procedures which are easy to comply with and administer for efficient management of foreign trade in India.
  • There are 3 major networks for EXIM- the Port, Road and Rail network. About 95% of India’s merchandise trade (by volume) is handled by Port Network.
  • ASEAN, with over 15 percent share in India’s global engineering shipment, is likely to be a key region to focus with a target of around USD 16 bn of exports for 2021-22.
  • India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in October 2021 are estimated to be USD 56.51 bn, exhibiting a positive growth of 35.16 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 29.13 per cent over October 2019.
  • India sets a target of USD 400 bn merchandise exports in 2021-22. (Source)
  • Going forward, India's international merchandise exports will grow at 3.1% per annum till 2030 to reach $26 tn.
  • The top 5 commodity groups of export that have recorded positive growth during June 2021 vis-à-vis June 2020 are: Other Cereals (237.96%), Petroleum Products (105.2%), Man-made Yarn/Fabrics/Made-ups etc(81.62%), Gems and Jewellery (80.49%), and Meat, Dairy and Poultry Products (61.8%) (Source)
  • India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in April-October 2021 are estimated to be USD 369.39 bn, exhibiting a positive growth of 39.83 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 19.97 per cent over April-October 2019.
  • Merchandise exports for April-August, 2021 was nearly USD 164 bn, which is an increase of 67% over 2020-21 and 23% over 2019-20.
  • Merchandise Exports in October 2021 were USD 35.65 bn (INR 2,67,056.26 Crore), as compared to USD 24.92 bn (INR 1,83,060.60 Crore) in October 2020, exhibiting a positive growth of 43.05 per cent. 
  • Service exports in September 2021 were USD 20.68 bn (INR 1,52,129.11 Crore) registering a positive growth of 21.96 per cent, vis-à-vis September 2020.
  • India’s exports have bounced back touching USD 197 bn in the first half of 2021-22. (Source)
  • INR 56,027 crore was released under various Export Promotion schemes with INR 10,002 crore released under SEIS.
Why Invest in India
  • One of the fastest-growing economies in the world, India has sustained a recent global downturn and also emerged as one of the leading nations in terms of GDP growth rate and FDI inflows.
  • India has attracted a total FDI inflow of USD 6.24 bn during April, 2021and it is 38% higher as compared to April 2020 (USD 4.53 bn). Read More
  • India received the highest ever FDI inflow in 2020-21 of USD 81.72 billion. This is higher by 10% compared to USD 74.39 billion achieved in 2019-20. The positive momentum continues with an FDI inflow of USD 6.24 billion during April 2021, which is 38% higher than April 2020.
  • India remains one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. IMF projects a GDP growth of 12.5% for India in 2021. Source: International Monetary Fund
  • Hon'ble PM Shri Narendra Modi announced a special economic and comprehensive package of more than $270 Bn - equivalent to 10% of India’s GDP, under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (Self-reliant India). Source: Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Finance.
  • FDI equity inflow grew by 168% in the first three months of F.Y. 2021-22 (US$ 17.57 bn) compared to the year-ago period (US$ 6.56 bn).
  • In 2020, India became the 7th largest services exporter in the world, moving up the ladder by two positions. Services PMI rose to a decade high of 58.4 in Oct’21. India poised to achieve Services Export target of USD 1 tn by 2030.
  • Services trade surplus was USD 89 bn in FY 2020-21 and it has been the largest FDI recipient (53% of FDI inflows 2000-2021).
  • The population of India is expected to rise from 121.1 cr to 152.2 cr during 2011-36 an increase of 25.7% in twenty-five years. Source: National Commission on Population, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
  • India has its largest ever adolescent and youth population. It will continue to have one of the youngest populations in the world till 2030. Source: United Nations Population Fund
  • If India continues its recent growth trend, average household incomes will triple over the next two decades and it will become the world's fifth-largest consumer economy by the year 2025 (Source: The Bird of Gold, McKinsey Report)
  • India has the third-largest group of scientists and technicians in the world. Source: All India Management Association, The Boston Consulting Group
  • By 2030, the urban population in India will almost double to 630 million.
  • Major FDI policy reforms have been made in a number of sectors, such as defence, construction development, pensions, broadcasting, pharmaceutical and civil aviation
  • Foreign investors can invest in India either on their own or as a joint venture, as may be required in a few sectors
  • Barring a few reserved sectors, 100% FDI is allowed through the automatic route in several sectors, without the need of government approval, namely Automobile, Food Processing, Construction etc.
  • In the Union budget 2021-22, the government has emphasized the need to increase manufacturing as a percentage of GDP. PLI schemes to create manufacturing global champions for an AtmaNirbhar Bharat have been announced for 13 sectors with a 5-year financial outlay of nearly USD 28 bn.
  • The Central and State governments have sector-specific policies, incentives and subsidies to promote manufacturing
  • Increased allocation in the budget to improve infrastructure, which is critical in facilitating future growth
  • Hon'ble Finance Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman announced the National Infrastructure Pipeline to provide world-class infrastructure in the country.
  • The NIP will facilitate investments in the infrastructure sector and will be crucial for attaining the target of USD 5 tn economy by FY 2025.
  • Around 7,000 projects were running across different sectors with a cost of INR 100 cr per project.
  • Sectors such as Energy (24%), Roads (18%), Urban (17%) and Railways (12%) amount to around 71% of the projected infrastructure investments in India. Source: Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance and India Investment Grid
  • Initially, in 2011, only 31% of the total population was urbanized as compared to the estimate of 39.16% by 2036. Source: World Bank
  • World’s largest democracy - India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of government, which is federal in structure with unitary features
  • India’s robust legal and political systems ensure long-term political stability
  • The Indian political system is supported by Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. Every major branch is independent of one another
  • Independent financial institutions for business:
    1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has played a critical role in maintaining the economic stability in India despite the global economic scenario. The focus on containing inflation and ensuring that interest rate cuts are passed on by banks, is a revolutionary step and structural reform in itself. RBI has been increasing access to foreign exchange reserves, and moderating periods of extreme volatility in the currency through exchange intervention.
    2. Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been the regulator of Indian markets since it was granted legal status in 1992. Among other functions, one of SEBI’s prime objectives is ensuring the rights and safety of investors. India achieved a rank of 8 in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Ranking – protecting minority investors, highlighting the efficiency of the organization.
    3. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) is responsible for enforcing The Competition Act across India. Their objective is to play an overarching role as a market regulator across all sectors with focus on anti-competitive behaviour of enterprises that may distort competition.
  • India jumps 4 positions and ranks 48th in the Global Innovation Index 2020 rankings Source: World Intellectual Property Organization
  • India ranks #1 in the Central & Southern Asia Region Source: World Intellectual Property Organization
  • India ranks 3rd amongst the Lower Middle-Income Economy Group  Source: World Intellectual Property Organization
  • India jumps 79 positions from 142nd (2014) to 63rd (2019) in 'World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Ranking 2020'
Investing in India: Who Can Help

Invest India is the first port of call for potential investors. It is the official investment promotion and facilitation agency of the Government of India, mandated to facilitate investments into India.

Experts provide sector- and state-specific inputs, and handholding support to investors through the entire investment cycle, from pre-investment decision-making to aftercare.

The team assists with:
  • Market strategy
  • Business plan advisory
  • Location identification
  • Expediting regulatory approvals
  • Facilitating meetings with relevant government and corporate officials
  • Initiating remedial action on problems faced by investors
Invest India

Invest India is promoted by the Department for promotion of industry and internal trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Government of India), the State Governments of India and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI).


Invest India has signed Memoranda of Understanding/Framework for Investment Cooperation with select Investment Promotion Agencies in select countries. These are:

  • JETRO (Japan),
  • Invest in America (USA),
  • UK Trade & Invest and UK India Business Council (UK),
  • Invitalia (Italy),
  • UBIFrance & Invest in France (France),
  • KOTRA (South Korea),
  • BOI Mauritius (Mauritius),
  • Czech Invest (Czech Republic),
  • Kaznex Invest (Republic of Kazakhstan),
  • Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority (Saudi Arabia).

Invest India is also working closely with Indian missions abroad, foreign missions in India and bilateral/ multilateral agencies.


Invest India functions out of its Headquarters in New Delhi, India. However, for any investment related queries you may get in touch with the commercial representatives of the Indian Embassies/Consulates in your country


No. Invest India is a Section 8, Not-For-Profit organisation. The services provided are completely free of charge. For more specific information, do fill out our investor query form.