NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PIPELINE - BUILDING INDIA
1WHY NIP
  • India is transitioning from an agrarian economy to a service sector economy giving a boost to urbanization and hence creating a need for a robust infrastructure.1
  • India needs to spend about US$ 1.4 Tn on Infrastructure to reach the target GDP of US$ 5 Tn by 2024-25.2
  • The National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) unveils the infrastructure projects across various states which will receive the expected funding of US$ 1.4 Tn over the next 5 years.3

 

Source 1, 2, 3

2STATUS OF PROJECTS IN THE PIPELINE
  • To build domestic capacity and enhance execution by private sector participants, NIP promotes collaborations and joint ventures with strong global infrastructure developers.1
  • Infrastructure projects under NIP will receive an equal share of contribution in terms of capital expenditure from the Centre and States of 39% each while Private Sector share being 22%.2
  • The total outlay of the NIP consists of projects in various stages; the conceptualization stage amounting to US$ 44.8 bn, the implementation stage worth US$ 58.6 bn and the development phase worth US$ 36.5 bn.3

 

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3SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION
  • Roads, Urban and Housing, Railways, Power (Conventional and Unconventional) and Irrigation will receive the most from NIP amounting to almost 80% of the funds.1
  • NIP Summary of top 5 focus sectors:2
  1. Roads
    • Target Total length of NH: 1.99 lakh km
    • Increased involvement of private developers: 39% of implementation by the private sector
    • Total investment of US$ 26.9 Bn
  2. Urban and Housing
    • Metro rail transit system in more than 25 cities
    • Higher EV penetration
    • Total investment of US$ 22.37 bn
  3. Railways
    • Privatization of 500 passenger trains and 225 stations
    • Freight Corridors to be fully operational
    • Total investment of US$ 18.8 bn
  4. Energy 
    • Renewable energy’s share of consumption to be increased from 9% to 19%
    • Major projects include the Dibang Hydel Power Project and HVDC Bipole Link Project (transmission)
  5. Irrigation
    • Irrigation Coverage to be increased from 68 million hectares to 85 million hectares
    • Total investment of US$ 10.5 bn
    • Ken-Betwa, Godavari-Cauvery river linking and Clean Ganga among Major Projects 

 

Source 12

4OPPORTUNITY FOR PRIVATE DEVELOPERS
  • Private sector to be the sole player in the implementation of NIP projects in the renewable energy sector.1
  • NIP will also create immense opportunities for private developers in sectors like Digital Infrastructure (71% Implementation by Private Sector), Airports (39% Implementation by Private Sector), and Roads (39% Implementation by Private Sector).2

 

Source 12