Electronic Systems

Summary
  • The Electronics System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM) industry includes electronic hardware products and components relating to information technology (IT), office automation, telecom, consumer electronics, aviation, aerospace, defence, solar photovoltaic, nano electronics and medical electronics. The industry also includes design-related activities such as product designing, chip designing, Very Large-Scale Integration (VLSI), board designing and embedded systems.
  • India’s digital base is the second largest in the world and is growing at the second-fastest rate among the 17 leading economies.1
  • The Digital India Program has been transforming the Country into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy since its launch in July 2015.2
  • The domestic demand for electronics hardware is expected to rise rapidly to about USD 400 bn by 2025. The Government attaches high priority to electronics hardware manufacturing, and it is one of the important pillars of both “Make in India” and “Digital India” programme of Government of India.
  • Vol2 of Vision document gives detailed targets and roadmap for India’s transformation into USD 300 bn electronics manufacturing powerhouse by 2026, from the current USD 75 bn.
Reasons to Invest
  • India is home to considerable talent for electronic chip design and embedded software.
  • Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) industry is expected to be a significant contributor to the entire industry’s development.
  • India has strong design and R&D capabilities in auto electronics and industrial economics.
  • The Government is promoting the development of Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMCs) throughout the Country to provide world-class infrastructure and facilities.
  • Major Government initiatives such as ‘Digital India’, ‘Make in India’ and supportive policies including favourable FDI Policy for electronics manufacturing have simplified the process of setting up manufacturing units in India.
  • India is the second fastest digitizing economy amongst the 17 leading economies of the world.5
  • Electronics Manufacturing Industry has committed and targets to achieve a growth of 30% i.e. USD 300 bn revenue by 2025-26.
  • GOI aims to make Electronics Goods amongst India’s 2-3 top ranking exports by 2026. Electronics Goods exports are expected to increase from the projected USD 15 bn in 2021-22 to USD 120 bn by 2026.
  • India launches Digital India RISC-V (DIR-V) program with an overall aim to enable creation of Microprocessors for the future in India, for the world and achieve industry-grade silicon & Design wins by December'2023.
  • Post COVID, The GOI aims to increase India’s contribution by around USD 400 bn worth of electronics goods including exports worth USD 120 bn, which would account for 9-10% of the overall global value chains, from the current supply potential of 1-2%. 

 

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Key Achievements
  • Petascale Supercomputer Param Shakti, new high-performance computational facility to aid researchers to solve large-scale problems of different fields of Science and Engineering is launched under National Supercomputing Mission.
  • Digital Uttar Pradesh is becoming a leading Tech and Electronics Hub for India and world - will boost IT Entrepreneurship amongst youth across all UP towns.
  • In FY 2020-21, STPI-registered units contributed INR 4,96,313 crore to IT/ITeS exports in which Uttar Pradesh contributed INR 22,671 crore.
  • With a total built-up area of 25,074 sq. ft., the state-of-the-art Incubation facility at STPI-Meerut provides Plug-n-Play space of 3,704 sq. ft. with 133 seats and raw incubation space of 2,021 sq. ft. while warranting high speed data communication facilities.
  • Researchers have computationally designed a low contact resistance metal-semiconductor interface with 2D monolayers for next-generation transistors, which can boost device performance. 
  • Signalchip, an Indian Fabless semiconductor company has developed “Agumbe” series of baseband, modem and radio frequency (RF) chipsets for 5G/4G networks with integrated support for global navigation satellite systems including NavIC.
Recent Announcements

17th May 2022: NIELIT Centre inaugurated at Leh by Shri Ashwini Vaishnaw.

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17th May 2022: Rajeev Chandrasekhar inaugurates Mega Manufacturing Facility For Hearables, Wearables and IoT Devices At Noida.

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6th May 2022: Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar inaugurates five National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) Centers in North East.

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1st May 2022: MoU announced to bring together Semiconductor Research Corporation’s industry experts and India’s R&D talent to create compelling industry driven world-class R&D program.

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1st May 2022: MoU announced between Signalchip Innovations, MeitY & C-DAC for deployment and maintenance of 10 Lakh Integrated NavIC and GPS Receivers.

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Statistics
  • The Consumer Electronics and Appliances Industry in India is expected to become the fifth-largest in the world by 2025.8
  • Number of digital transactions increases from 1085 Cr in FY 2016-17 to 5,554 Cr in 2020-21, at a CAGR of 50.42%.
  • Top 5 export destinations in April-November 2021 are: USA (18%), UAE (16.6%), China (7.6%), Netherland (4.5%) & Germany (4.2%).
  • India’s export of electronic goods rose by almost 88% from USD 6600 Mn in 2013-14 to USD 12,400 Mn in 2021-22. Mobile phones, IT hardware (laptops, tablets), consumer electronics (TV and audio), industrial electronics and auto electronics are key exports in this sector.
  • Exports of Electronic Goods values at  USD 1679.82 mn in April 2022 and records positive growth vis-à-vis April 2021 of 71.69%. 
  • Electronic goods shares 4.20% of the total exports of the country in the month of April.
  • Exports of Electronic goods values at  USD 15588.06 mn from Apr21- Mar22 and records positive growth vis-à-vis Apr20-Mar21 of 40.52%. 
  • Electronic goods shares 3.73% of the total exports of the country in the period Apr21- Mar22.
  • The Average Index of Industrial Production of computer, electronic and optical products in the FY 2021-22 is 104.0 and has grown by 12.7percent.
Growth Drivers
  • An indigenous Onboard Driver Assistance and Warning System – ODAWS, Bus Signal Priority System and Common SMart iot Connectiv (CoSMiC) software have been launched under Intelligent Transportation System Endeavor for Indian Cities Phase-II initiative of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
  • There is a huge demand for electronic goods in the Middle-Eastern countries and in emerging markets such as North Africa and Latin America. This provides an export market for ‘Made in India’ electronic goods.
  • MoU between Signal chip Innovations, MeitY and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) for not only design and manufacture but also deployment and maintenance of 10 Lakh Integrated NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation) and GPS Receivers. 
  • An MoU was announced between Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) USA and IIT Bombay to focus on bringing together SRC's industry experts and India's R&D talent to create a compelling industry driven world-class R&D program.
  • MoU between Global Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE India) and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) was announced for skill and technical standards development in semiconductor electronics focusing on VLSI design and Electromagnetic interference (EMI)/ Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
  • MeitY has announced an MoU between Atal Community Innovation Center-Kalasalingam Innovation Foundation (ACIC-KIF) and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) for collaborative R&D, Product development and Trainings in the areas of semiconductor technologies, Power electronics, Energy harvesting, Electric vehicles etc.
  • Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar inaugurates five National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) Centers in North East for skill enhancement of the educated youth in the region.
  • National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) Centre Leh, Extension Centre Kargil and IT Enabled Incubation Centre for Handicraft and Handloom Sector is inaugurated at Leh for the development of the UT.
  • Zet Town India Pvt Ltd, a Zetwerk company, unveiled its new state-of-the-art manufacturing facility at Noida in Uttar Pradesh with the aim to produce 10 mn devices annually.
FDI Policy
  • 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is allowed under the Automatic Route in the ESDM industry.9
  • For defence electronics, up to 100% FDI is allowed, subject to industrial license. Under the Automatic Route, up to 49% FDI is allowed. Above 49% is allowed under the Government Route on a case to case basis, wherever it is expected to result in access to modern and ’state-of-the-art’ technology in the country.10
  • The Government allows 100% FDI in medical devices via the Automatic Route. Investors are no longer required to take the Foreign Investment Promotion Board’s permission to acquire an existing company or set up a new manufacturing unit in the medical devices sector. The investor, however, will need to comply with the reporting requirements of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and comply with all other relevant Central and State laws and regulations.11
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Electronics industry is USD 19,124.94 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2021.6

 

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Sector Policy

National Policy on Electronics 12

The National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 2019 envisions to position India as a global hub for ESDM by encouraging and driving capabilities in the Country for developing core components, including chipsets and by creating an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally.

The NPE 2019 replaces the NPE 2012, which has successfully built the foundation for a competitive Indian ESDM value chain. The NPE 2019 targets to promote domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value chain of ESDM and achieve a turnover of USD 400 Bn by 2025.

For more details on the NPE 2019, please refer to NPE 2019.

Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) 12

THE M-SIP Scheme, launched in 2012, provided capital subsidy of 20% to electronic industries in Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and 25% to industries outside SEZs. As of 30th November 2019, 407 applications with a total proposed investment of INR 1,09,768 cr are under consideration. Out of these 407 applications:

  • 235 applications with about INR 66,407 cr proposed investment have been approved
  • 31 applications with about INR 13,072 cr proposed investment have been recommended by the Appraisal Committee for approval
  • 141 applications with INR 30,289 crore proposed investment are under appraisal process  

Electronics Development Fund (EDF) 13

This Scheme helps promote start-ups and innovation. The EDF is a fund of funds that invests in venture funds, which in turn invest in innovation ventures/ start-ups in electronics, nano-electronics and IT. The EDF will invest about INR 659 cr in 11 Daughter Funds which have a total targeted corpus of INR 5576 cr. As of 30th November 2019, INR 117.89 cr has already been invested by EDF in 7 Daughter Funds, which have made a total investment of INR 560.98 cr in 75 Ventures/Startups. 

Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) 13

The Scheme, launched in 2012, encourages entities including State Governments to provide good quality infrastructure within a cluster. Under the Scheme, up to 50% of the project cost for greenfield EMC and 75% for brownfield EMC is given as a grant. As of 31st December 2019, 20 EMCs have been provided grant-in-aid of INR 520.88 cr by MeitY.

Electronics Manufacturing Schemes 2020 14

To further strengthen the ESDM ecosystem with a complete value chain and position India as the global hub for ESDM, the following schemes have been notified by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY):

  • Scheme for Promotion of Manufacturing of Electronic Components and Semiconductors (SPECS): SPECS has been notified to strengthen the value chain for electronics manufacturing in India with the target segment comprising of downstream value chain products such as electronic components, semiconductor/ display fabrication units, ATMP units, specialized sub-assemblies and capital goods for manufacture of aforesaid goods. Under the scheme, 25% incentives will be provided on capital expenditure (on a reimbursement basis) in new units and expansion/ modernization/ diversification of existing units. The scheme will be open for applications for a period of 3 years from the date of notification. All investments made within 5 years from the date of acknowledgement will be eligible for receiving incentives under SPECS which has an outlay of about USD 440 Mn.
  • Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters Scheme (EMC 2.0): The scheme has been notified to support the creation of quality infrastructure with common facilities and amenities, including Ready Built Factory (RBF) sheds/ Plug and Play facilities. Under the scheme, financial assistance of 50% of the project cost will be provided to EMC projects subject to a ceiling of INR 70 Cr for every 100 acres of land while 75% of the project cost will be provided for Common Facility Centres (CFCs) subject to a ceiling of INR 70 Cr. The scheme will be open for applications for a period of 3 years from the date of notification and disbursement of funds to the approved projects will be done in a period of 5 years. EMC 2.0 scheme has an outlay of about USD 500 Mn.

Production-Linked Incentive Schemes21

  • Hon’ble PM, Shri Narendra Modi has approved PLI Scheme in  Electronics System Sector through the MeitY with a financial outlay of INR 5000 cr over a five-year period for Enhancing India’s Manufacturing Capabilities and Enhancing Exports – Atmanirbhar Bharat.
  • 16 applications were approved under the first round of the scheme (5 companies under Global Champions Category, 5 companies under Domestic Champions Category and 6 companies under the Electronic Components category) with an incentive outlay of INR 36,440 crore.
  • Additional employment generation during this period stands at around 22,000 jobs.

Scheme for setting up of Display Fabs in India

  • The scheme provides fiscal support to eligible applicants for setting up of Display Fabs which is aimed at attracting large investments for setting up TFT LCD / AMOLED based display fabrication facilities in the country.
  • The Scheme provides fiscal support of up to 50% of Project Cost subject to a ceiling of INR 12,000 crore per Fab.

Scheme for setting up of Compound Semiconductors / Silicon Photonics / Sensors Fab and Semiconductor Assembly, Testing, Marking and Packaging (ATMP) / OSAT facilities in India

  • The Scheme provides a fiscal support of 30% of the Capital Expenditure to the eligible applicants for setting up of Compound Semiconductors / Silicon Photonics (SiPh) / Sensors (including MEMS) Fab and Semiconductor ATMP / OSAT facilities in India.

Design Linked Incentive (DLI) Scheme

  • The scheme offers financial incentives, design infrastructure support across various stages of development and deployment of semiconductor design for Integrated Circuits (ICs), Chipsets, System on Chips (SoCs), Systems & IP Cores and semiconductor linked design.
  • The scheme provides “Product Design Linked Incentive” of up to 50% of the eligible expenditure subject to a ceiling of INR 15 Crore per application and “Deployment Linked Incentive” of 6% to 4% of net sales turnover over 5 years subject to a ceiling of INR 30 Crore per application.

Scheme for setting up of Semiconductor Fabs in India

  • The scheme provides fiscal support to eligible applicants for setting up of Semiconductor Fabs which is aimed at attracting large investments for setting up semiconductor wafer fabrication facilities in the country. Following fiscal support has been approved under the scheme:
  1. 28nm or Lower - Up to 50% of the Project Cost
  2. Above 28 nm to 45nm - Up to 40% of the Project Cost
  3. Above 45 nm to 65nm - Up to 30% of the Project Cost

 

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Financial Support

UNION BUDGET 2022-23

The total budgetary allocation for FY 2022-23 towards the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is INR 14,300 cr.

EXPORT INCENTIVES

Export incentives of 2-3% are available under the Merchandise Export from India Scheme (MEIS). Products such as air conditioning parts and compressors, refrigerating equipment compressors, fully automatic washing machines, colour televisions, and set top boxes for accessing files are included in the list of products that get export incentives.

SUPPORT FOR INTERNATIONAL PATENT PROTECTION IN E&IT 18

To encourage filing of international patents, a scheme to Support International Patent Protection in Electronics & IT (SIP-EIT) has been commissioned. The Scheme provides financial support to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and tech start-ups by supporting international patent protection in electronics and IT.

Reimbursement is limited to a total of around USD 21,650 per invention or 50% of the total expenses incurred in filing and processing of patent application up to Grant, whichever is lesser.

Investment Opportunities
  • Mobile phone manufacturing 16
  • Semi-conductor wafer fabrication manufacturing 16
  • Light Emitting Diode (LED) manufacturing 16
  • Wearable devices manufacturing 16
  • Solar cells and modules manufacturing 16
  • LED and Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) manufacturing 15
  • Research, innovation and skill development support in emerging technology areas such as Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), drones, robotics, additive manufacturing, etc 15
  • Medical electronic devices manufacturing 15
  • Research and development of automotive electronics and power electronics for mobility 15

 

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Foreign Investors
  • Qualcomm (US)
  • Samsung (South Korea)
  • LG (South Korea)
  • GE (USA)
  • Bosch (Germany)
  • Amphenol (US)
  • Motherson Sumi system (Japan)
  • Nidec (Japan)
  • Magneti Marelli (Italy)
  • Continental (Germany)
  • Delphi (USA)
  • Mando Hella (South Korea)
  • Mitsubishi (Japan)
  • Harman (USA)
  • Perto (Brazil)
  • Giesecke and Deverient (Germany)
  • Haier (China)
  • Philips (Netherland)
  • Panasonic (Japan)
  • Huawei (China)
Agencies
Sources
  1. "India’s Trillion-Dollar Digital Opportunity", Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/india_trillion-dollar_digital_opportunity.pdf
  2. Report on India’s Trillion Dollar Digital Opportunity Released, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, http://pib.nic.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1565669
  3. Indian Tech Start-up Ecosystem 2018: Approaching Escape VelocityNASSCOM, https://www.nasscom.in/knowledge-center/publications/indian-tech-start-ecosystem-2018-approaching-escape-velocity
  4. Indian Tech Start-up Ecosystem: Leading Tech In The 20sNASSCOM, https://www.nasscom.in/knowledge-center/publications/indian-tech-start-ecosystem-leading-tech-20s
  5. Report on India’s Trillion Dollar Digital Opportunity Released, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, http://pib.nic.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1565669
  6. Factsheet on FDI - April 2000 to December 2021Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, https://dpiit.gov.in/sites/default/files/FDI%20Factsheet%20December%2C%202021.pdf
  7. Report on India’s Trillion Dollar Digital Opportunity Released, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, http://pib.nic.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1565669
  8. "Session 5:- Promoting “Make in India” through Policy guidelines & Communication Broadband Equipment’s by use of hackathon", Ministry of Home Affairs, https://dcpw.gov.in/session5.php
  9. FAQs on Foreign Direct Investment & Electronic System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology,  https://meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/FAQ_FDI_ESDM.pdf
  10. FAQs on Foreign Direct Investment & Electronic System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology,  https://meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/FAQ_FDI_ESDM.pdf
  11. FAQs on Foreign Direct Investment & Electronic System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology,   https://meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/FAQ_FDI_ESDM.pdf
  12. Cabinet approves the proposal of National Policy on Electronics 2019, PIB, http://pib.nic.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1565285
  13. Annual Report 2019-20, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://www.meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/Annual_Report_2019%E2%80%9320.pdf
  14. Electronics Manufacturing Schemes (2020), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://www.meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/Presentation-Electronics_Manufacturing_Schemes.pdf
  15. National Policy on Electronics 2019, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://www.meity.gov.in/writereaddata/files/eGazette_Notification_NPE%202019_dated%2025022019.pdf
  16. Electronic System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM) – Sector Profile", Government of Gujarat, http://vibrantgujarat.com/writereaddata/images/pdf/electronic-sytem-design-and-manufacturing-sector.pdf
  17. “India Budget”, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://www.indiabudget.gov.in/doc/eb/sbe24.pdf
  18. Support for International Patent Protection in Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, http://www.ict-ipr.in/sipeit/SIPEITForm
  19. “India Budget”, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://www.indiabudget.gov.in/doc/eb/sbe24.pdf
  20. “India Budget”, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, https://www.indiabudget.gov.in/doc/eb/sbe24.pdf
  21. PIB Release,  https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1710134

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