Food Processing

  • India offers the largest diversified production base and has a growing food industry. India is:
    • World’s largest milk-producing nation *
    • World’s largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices *
    • World’s second-largest producer of food grains, fruits and vegetables *
    • World's 3rd largest producer of fish *
    • India is the 2nd largest producers of Wheat *
    • World's 2nd largest Aquaculture Producer *
    • 2nd largest exporter of ‘Shree Anna’ i.e. millets in the world. *
    • World's 4th largest exporter of fish *
    • 4th Largest Sea Food Exporter *
    • 5th largest exporter of millets globally *
    • 5th largest exporter of coffee globally *
    • 8th in meat production in the world *
    • Rajasthan is the largest producer of turmeric in India
  • India ranks 1st in milk production and contributes 24% to global milk production growing at a CAGR of 6.38 % from 2014-2022 to reach 221.1 MT in 2021-22. * *
  • India ranks 3rd in global egg production and produced at least 129.53 bn nos. in 2021-22 with an 8% annual growth rate. *
  • India emerges as the world’s largest producer and consumer of sugar and world’s 2nd largest exporter of sugar. *
  • Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are the major Fruits producing States, whereas Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Odisha are the major vegetables producing States of the country. *
  • Food Processing sector engages maximum number of people with 20.05 lakhs consisting 12.32 % of the total employment share. *
  • There are 731 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in the country. The technologies developed out of research conducted by ICAR are taken to farmers’ fields for its assessment by KVKs to ascertain their location specificity under various farming systems. KVKs also conduct large number of technology demonstrations at farmers’ fields for their adoption by the farmers. * 
  • The requirement of cold storage in the country is 35 mn MT, while capacity of such storage is around 32 mn MT. *
  • 31% of export agricultural and processed food products target for 2022-23 achieved. * India’s agriculture exports touched a historic high of $50 Bn in FY 2021-22. *
  • USD 26 Bn- Size of Indian Poultry Industry in FY 2021-22. *
  • India is one of the largest producers of millets and nutri-coarse cereals in the world with an estimated share of around 41 percent in the global production. *
Reasons to Invest
  • In addition to the rich resources, India has the 6th largest food and grocery market globally and the country can provide a perfect blend of traditional and hygienic food, processed and packaged according to modern technology. *
  • Government of India aims the market size of the Dairy Industry to be USD 32.9 bn with a growth of 7.9% by 2025. *
  • Demand of organic products in the Indian market is increasing, with an expected CAGR of 25.25% during 2022-2027. *
  • UP Government is providing upto 50% subsidy on setting up solar-powered Food Processing Units under UP Food Processing Policy 2022-23. *
  • The CDP will benefit around 10 lakh farmers and related stakeholders along the value chain. The CDP aims to improve exports of targeted crops by about 20% and create cluster-specific brands to enhance the competitiveness of cluster crops. *
  • A new provision has been introduced to the Legal Metrology Rules 2011 to indicate the unit sale price on pre-packed commodities, which will allow easier comparison of the prices of the commodities at the time of purchase. *
  • GOI has set a target to achieve one lakh crore export from the fishing sector by 2024-25 and also make it environment friendly. *
  • GOI is implementing Matsya Sampada Yojana and has infused INR 20,000 crore in the fishing sector through the scheme. The government is also focusing on Seaweed farming and empowering fisherwomen and promoting entrepreneurship in the sector. *
  • Country’s first-of-its kind, dedicated business incubator to be known as LINAC- NCDC Fisheries Business Incubation Centre (LlFlC) in Haryana’s Gurugram is established with costing of INR 3.23 crore to nurture fisheries start-ups under real market-led conditions. *
  • Startups and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) will help in upscaling millets’ value chain, connecting to domestic and international markets and will create an inclusive framework to make India Millet Hub of the World. *
  • An integrated and hi-tech online portal on export/import of agricultural commodities and pesticides registration is launched to boost Ease of Doing Business in the sector. *
  • ‘National Beekeeping and Honey Mission’ aims to establish 5 big regional and 100 small honey and other Bee Products testing laboratories, out of which 3 world class state-of-the-art laboratories have been setup, whereas 25 small laboratories are in the process of being set up. *
  • In order to find a permanent solution to address the problem of excess sugar, Government is encouraging sugar mills to divert excess sugarcane to ethanol. *
Key Achievements
  • ICAR has developed a new heat-resistant wheat variety called HD-3385 which can be sowed early and harvested before March end. *
  • 41% rise in Basmati rice exports worth USD 3.82 bn during April 2022 - January 2023. *
  • During SS 2021-22, India exported 110 LMT sugar and became second largest exporter of sugar in the world and earned about INR 40,000 crore worth of foreign exchange for the country. *
  • 499 permanent Soil Testing Laboratories, 113 Mobile Soil Testing Laboratories, 8,811 Mini Soil Testing Laboratories and 2,395 Village-level Soil Testing Laboratories have been established. *
  • Climate resilient varieties of seeds in different crops tolerant to climatic stresses have been developed by ICAR. So far 8 varieties were released in rice, green gram, maize and lentil. Apart from this, 177 climate resilient varieties have reached the farmer’s field through large scale demonstrations across the country. * 
  • Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure Scheme” which a component of the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojna (PMKSY) have 353 projects approved under the scheme till date for various States/UTs. *
  • Honey Mission has been started to bring sweet revolution and the Central Government has spent INR 500 crore on it. FPOs of honey-producing farmers are also being created under the GOI's plan to form 10 thousand new FPOs. To test honey properly, labs have been set up in many places in the country and processing facilities are also being increased. *
  • With the aim to provide warehousing facilities at the farm gate, registration fees have been substantially reduced to INR 500 for FPOs/PACS/SHGs as compared to INR 5000 to INR 30,000 for other conventional warehouses along with a reduction in other charges. *    
  • 170 FPOs/ FPCs created under Mission Organic Value Chain Development for Northeastern Regions. *
  • India emerges as largest exporters of cucumber and gherkins in the world. India has crossed the USD 200 mn mark of export of agricultural processed product, - pickling cucumber, which is globally referred as gherkins or cornichons, in the last financial year. *
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (JNKVV) has developed two varieties each of oats and wheat, one of rice and three of niger which were tested under various agro-climatic conditions of the State(s) through All India Coordinated Research Projects. *
  • There is well established system available for analysis of seed quality of native Indian crop and trees in the Country. 161 State Seed Testing Laboratories and six Central Seed Testing Laboratories are functioning in the Country. These laboratories are analyzing seeds of native Indian crop and trees for various quality parameters. *
  • The institutes have developed wheat varieties that contribute nearly 60 mn tons of wheat to the nation’s granary worth INR 80,000 crores annually. Basmati varieties developed by the institute predominate basmati cultivation in India accounting for 90% of the total foreign exchange (INR 29,524 crores) earned through the export of Basmati rice amounting to INR 32,804 crores. *
  • 6 varieties of fruits and vegetables are developed viz., two varieties of mango Pusa Lalima, Pusa Shresth, brinjal variety Pusa Vaibhav, palak variety PusaVilayati palak, cucumber variety Pusa Gynoecious Cucumber Hybrid-18 and Pusa Alpana variety of rose. *
  • There are 726 Testing Laboratories for food products in the country. Out of these, 585 food testing laboratories have obtained Accreditation as per the international standards. *
  • A total of 304 high yielding varieties of pulses including 81 of Gram, 50 of Arhar, 38 of Mung, 35 of Urd, 33 of Lentil, 23 of Fieldpea, 19 of Cowpea and 25 of other pulses have been notified for commercial cultivation in the country during the last eight years. *
  • Food processing industry invests INR 4,900 crore under PLI scheme so far. *
  • Total 46 new projects approved under Operation Greens Scheme in the Calendar Year 2022 with an outlay of INR 2218.69 Cr.*
  • 679 completed projects under PMKSY has resulted in creation of approximately 204.49 LMT of preservation and processing capacity till 30.11.2022. *
  • Storage capacity increased from 5.05 Lakh Metric Tonne in 2014 to 8.21 Lakh Metric Tonne in 2023 in NE States. *
Recent Announcements

16th March 2023: 4.91 LMT wheat sold to 970 bidders in 6th e-auction conducted by Food Corporation of India

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13th March 2023: Gujarat to start exporting Kesar Mangoes directly to US for the first time after USD-APHIS approved the Gujarat agro radiation processing facility last July

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10th March 2023: Punjab FM presents INR 1.96 lakh crore budget for 2023-24 with agriculture being one of the key focus areas.

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2nd March 2023: 713 LMT of paddy procured till date and the MSP outflow of INR 14,69,60 cr has benefited over 1 cr farmers.

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27th February 2023: USD 523.8 mn worth of onions was exported from April to December 2022 with net growth of 16.3% over last fiscal year.

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  • Total production of Rice during 2022-23 is estimated at (record) 1308.37 lakh tonnes. It is higher by 13.65 lakh tonnes as compared to previous year. *
  • Non-Basmati Rice has emerged as India’s top export item among the many agricultural and processed food product exports under APEDA basket. With the export of USD 4663 mn in nine months of 2022-23, it is recorded a significant contribution in FY 2022-23. *
  • Production of Maize in the country during 2022-23 is estimated at (record) 346.13 lakh tonnes which is higher by 8.83 lakh tonnes than the previous year production of 337.30 lakh tonnes. *
  • Production of Nutri/ Coarse Cereals estimated at a record 527.26 lakh tonnes which is higher by 16.25 lakh tonnes than the previous year’s production. *
  • Total Pulses production during 2022-23 is estimated at a record 278.10 Lakh Tonnes which is nigher by 5.08 lakh tonnes than previous year’s production of 273.02 LMT and 31.54 LMT higher than the average pulses production of last five years. The production of Moong is estimated at a new record of 35.45 LMT which higher by 3.80 LMT as compared to previous year’s production. *
  • The production of Wheat (record) in the country is estimated at 1121.82 LMT which is higher by 44.40 LMT as compared to previous year’s production. *
  • Estimated procurement of around 900 LMT paddy during the entire KMS 2022-23. *
  • Floriculture products reported a rise of 33 percent when it touched USD 103 mn in 2021-22 from USD 77 mn in 2020-21. *
  • The production of Foodgrains in the country in FY 2021-22 is estimated at record 314.51 mn tonnes which is higher by 3.77 mn tonnes than the production of foodgrain during 2020-21. *
  • Total Oilseeds production in the country during 2021-22 is estimated at record 38.50 mn tonnes which is higher by 5.81 mn tonnes than the average oilseeds production. *
  • Production of Wheat during 2021-22 is estimated at 106.41 mn tonnes. It is higher by 2.53 mn tonnes than the last five years’ average wheat production of 103.88 mn tonnes. *
  • 5000 lakh metric tonnes of sugarcane harvested till date in FY 2022-23 with production of 394 lakh metric tonnes of sugar produced. *          
  • The index of Industrial production of Beverages (weight: 1.03 percent) values at 118.7, increased by 29.7 percent in April 2022 over April 2021 which was valued at 91.5. *
  • Horticulture Production in 2021-22 estimated 341.63 MT. *
  • Kamalam (Dragon Fruit) cultivation area in India expected to expand to 50,000 ha. in five years under MIDH scheme from the present 3,000 ha. *


  • Export target for agricultural and processed food products for FY 2022-23 fixed at USD 23.6 bn of which 84% i.e. USD 19.694 bn has been achieved by December 2022. *
  • Exports of processed F&V increased to USD 1472 mn in nine months of FY 2022-23 from USD 1192 mn in the corresponding months of the previous year. *
  • Export of fresh fruits increased to USD 1121 mn in nine months of FY 2022-23 compared to USD 1078 mn in April-December 2021 of the last fiscal year. *
  • Other cereals’ exports increased from USD 764 mn in April-December 2021 to USD 869 mn in April-December 2022 a showing a growth of 13.64%. *
  • Export of Pulses has witnessed an increase of 80.38 % in nine months of FY 2022-23 as the export of lentils increased from USD 242 mn (April-December 2021-22) to USD 436 mn (April-December 2022-23). *
  • Basmati Rice exports registered 40.26 % growth in nine months of FY 2022-23 as its export increased from USD 2379 mn (April-December 2021) to USD 3337 mn (April-December 2022). *
  • Export of poultry products increased by 91.70% in nine months of FY 2022-23 as its export increased from USD 50 mn to USD 95 mn. *
  • Export of dairy products recorded a growth of 19.45 % as its export rose to USD 471 mn in FY 2022-23 till now (April-December 2022) from USD 395 mn in April-December 2021 of the last fiscal year. *
  • India exported 4.16 lakh tonnes of Coffee valued in FY2021-22 valued at USD 1.016 bn and records positive growth vis-à-vis FY 2020-21 of 38%. *
  • India exports millets products worth of USD 34.32 mn during 2021-22. *
  • At present, about 12,699 Beekeepers and 19.34 lakhs honeybee colonies are registered with National Bee Board and India is producing about 1,33,200 Metric tonnes of Honey (2021-22). *
  • India’s tea exports grew by 12.6% in January-July 2022 as over the same period in 2021.
  • Exports of Cereal preparations & miscellaneous processed items recorded a 24.35 % growth in April - December 2022 compared to the same period in last fiscal year. *
  • Exports of other processed food items grew by 34 percent during 2021-22 to touch USD 1164 mn against USD 866 mn in 2020-21. *
  • The cashew exports grew by 7 percent to USD 452 mn in 2021-22 from USD 420 mn in the previous year. *
Growth Drivers
  •  At-home consumption of millets per month per person has increased to 14 kgs. from 3 kgs. with a boost in sale of almost 30%. *
  • Camel Product Processing Utilisation & Training Wing at ICAR-National Research Centre inaugurated by Sh. Rupala giving boost to pastoralist community. *
  • Union Budget 2023-24: Allocation in Budget FY 2023-24 for Department of Fisheries marks an overall increase of 38.45% over the Budget of FY 2022-23. *
  • Sugar saw a 15% increase in unit value in 2022 leading to overall rise in exports and positive trend is expected to continue in 2023 as well. *
  • Centre amends the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules 2011 for ease of doing business and reducing the compliance burden for the electronic industries. *
  • A Memorandum of Agreement was signed between the Department of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare (DA&FW) and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) on commencement of Phase -2 activities of IRRI South Asia Regional Centre (ISARC) to scale up the existing partnership for food and nutrition security in the South Asian region. * 
  • Since most rice varieties are high in GI and most of the Indians consume rice, the popularization of low GI rice varieties will reduce or even reverse India's increasing trend of diabetes. *
  • Shri Narendra Singh Tomar launched the Platform of Platforms (POP) under the National Agriculture Market (e-NAM). This will increase farmers' digital access to multiple markets, buyers and service providers and bring transparency in business transactions with the aim of improving price search mechanism and quality commensurate price realisation. * 
  • APEDA signs a MoU with Assam Agriculture University, Jorhat to conduct various training programmes on pre-harvest and post-harvest management and other research activities. *
  • 41 service providers from different platforms are covered under POP facilitating various value chain services like trading, quality checks, warehousing, fintech, market information, transportation etc. *
  • Cabinet approves amendment to export policy for Wheat or Meslin Flour. *
  • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) projects is launched to support the farmers. *
  • Credit Guarantee Online Portal along with five major plants setup are inaugurated with the support of AHIDF scheme to focus beyond poverty alleviation and increasing farmers income towards wealth creation in rural areas. * 
  • The Department of Consumer Affairs vide the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities), (Second Amendment) Rules 2022 has allowed the electronic products to declare certain mandatory declarations through the QR Code for a period of one year, if not declared in the package itself. *
  • GOI aims to bring 28-lakh hectares of land under cultivation to make India Aatmanirbhar in edible oil. *
  • Cabinet approves implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana for 2021-26. *
  • GOI has approved a five-year project on "Innovative Extension Approaches for Revitalising Agriculture in J&K" worth INR 463 cr. *
  • In a major boost to promote precision farming in India, GOI has issued guidelines to make drone technology affordable to the stakeholders of this sector. *
  • India is placed among the top 10 Agri products exporting countries. GOI aims to put India in the top 5 countries in the field of Agri product export. *
  • India aims to double the marine product exports to INR One lakh crore from the present above INR 50,000 crore within the next five years. *
  • To expedite the sugar exports and to ensure flexibility to sugar mills in execution of the export quota, mills may decide to surrender the quota partially or fully within 60 days of the date of issue of order OR they can swap the export quota with domestic quota within 60 days. The swapping system would reduce the need to transport the sugar from distant locations to the ports for exports and movement of sugar across the length and breadth of the country for domestic consumption. *
  • 10,000 new FPOs worth INR 6,865 cr have been set up to increase the income of farmers while INR 11,000 cr has been earmarked to reduce the dependence on the import of edible oils. *
  • India’s top 5 export destinations for fish and fish products are USA, China, Japan, Vietnam and Thailand. *
  • Now to make India a global hub for 'Shree Anna', the Indian Institute of Millet Research, Hyderabad will be supported as the Centre of Excellence for sharing best practices, research and technologies at the international level. *

FDI Policy
  • 100% FDI is permitted under the automatic route in the Food and Processing industry in India. *
  • 100% FDI is allowed through the government approval route for trading, including through e-commerce in respect of food products manufactured or produced in India. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Food Processing industry is USD 11,795.2189 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. This constitutes 1.88% of the total FDI inflow received across sectors. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Agricultural Services is USD 2.70 bn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in Vegetable Oil & Vanaspati is USD 1,041.70 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in Sugar is USD 239.59 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in Tea and Coffee (Processing & Warehousing Coffee & Rubber) is USD 234.23 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in Agricultural Machinery is USD 1,727.24 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. *
  • The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Rubber Goods is USD 3,492.58 mn during the period April 2000 to December 2022. *

Read more about Foreign Direct Investment Policy in India >

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to introduce the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme in Food Products for Enhancing India’s Manufacturing Capabilities and Enhancing Exports – Atmanirbhar Bharat.

Financial Outlay- INR 10,900 crore

Products: Ready to Eat / Ready to Cook (RTE/ RTC), Marine Products, Fruits & Vegetables, Honey, Desi Ghee, Mozzarella Cheese, Organic eggs and poultry meat. The component for Millet based products has been added in the year 2022-23 with an outlay of INR 800 cr. *

For more details on PLI Schemes, Click Here

Sector Policy
  • MoFPI is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme-PM Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises Scheme (PMFME) for providing financial, technical and business support for setting up/upgradation of 2 lakh micro food processing enterprises through credit linked subsidy during five years from 2020-21 to 2024-25 with an outlay of INR 10,000 cr. *
  • Food Processing is recognized as a Special Focus Sector in the National Manufacturing Policy. *
  • Under Mission Organic Value Chain Development in North East Region (MOVCDNER), Farmers are provided subsidy of INR 31000/ ha / 3 years under PKVY and INR 32500/ ha/ 3 years under MOVCDNER for various organic inputs including organic fertilisers. *
  • Under National Food Security Mission (NFSM), financial assistance is provided for promotion of Bio-Fertilizer (Rhizobium/ PSB) @50% of the cost limited to Rs.300 per ha. *
  • The Government is implementing Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure (AMI), a sub-scheme of Integrated Scheme for Agricultural Marketing (ISAM) under which assistance is provided for construction/ renovation of godowns/ warehouses in the rural areas in the States to enhance the storage capacity for agriculture produce. Under the scheme, Government provides subsidy at the rate of 25% and 33.33% on capital cost of the project based on the category of eligible beneficiary. Assistance is available to Individuals, Farmers, Group of farmers/growers, Agri-preneurs, Registered Farmer Produce Organizations (FPOs), Cooperatives, and state agencies etc. The scheme is demand driven. *
  • Food and agro-based processing units can avail loans under Priority Sector Lending. * It will ensure a greater flow of credit to entrepreneurs for setting up food processing units and attract investment in the industry.
  • Government has set up a special fund called "Food Processing Fund" of approximately USD 265 Mn in National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) for extending affordable credit to designated food parks and the individual food processing units in the designated food parks. *
  • Ministry of Food Processing Industries is also keen on developing an integrated and comprehensive National Food Processing Policy, for which a draft has already been circulated among the stakeholders to receive suggestions and recommendations. * It aims to build India’s National Food Grid and National Cold Chain Grid apart from the retail markets at every nook and corner of the country.
  • The Union Cabinet of India has announced a new central sector scheme of Agriculture Infrastructure Fund. Under the scheme, INR 1 lakh cr will be provided by banks and financial institutions to feasible projects for post-harvest management infrastructure and community farming assets. The financial support will be in the form of medium - long term debt financing facility and all loans under this financing facility will have interest subvention of 3% per annum up to a limit of INR 2 cr. *
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs of the Government of India has approved the setting up of Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF). AHIDF will incentivize investments in infrastructure for dairy and meat processing and value addition infrastructure and establishment of animal feed plant in the private sector. Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), MSMEs, Section 8 companies, private companies and individual entrepreneurs with a minimum 10% margin money will be the eligible beneficiaries of the scheme. The remaining 90% would be the loan component which will be provided by scheduled banks. A total amount of INR 15000 cr. has been approved for the Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF). *

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)*

  • It is one of the Missions within the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The mission aims to evolve and implement strategies to make Indian agriculture more resilient to the changing climate.  

Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF): *

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs of the Government of India has approved the setting up of Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF). AHIDF will incentivize investments in infrastructure for dairy and meat processing and value addition infrastructure and establishment of animal feed plant in the private sector. 
  • Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), MSMEs, Section 8 companies, private companies and individual entrepreneurs with a minimum 10% margin money will be the eligible beneficiaries of the scheme. The remaining 90% would be the loan component which will be provided by scheduled banks.
  • A total amount of INR 15000 cr. has been approved for the Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF).

The Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 *

  • This act creates an ecosystem where the farmers and traders enjoy the freedom of choice relating to the sale and purchase of farmers’ produce.
  • This act facilitates remunerative prices through competitive alternative trading channels.
  • The main aim of this act is to promote efficient, transparent and barrier-free inter-State and intra-State trade and commerce of farmers’ products
  • In order to support section 17 of the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Rules, 2020 came into force on 22 October 2020.

Operation Green (Top to Total) *

  • Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) as a part of Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan extended the Operation Greens Scheme from Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) to all fruits & vegetables (TOTAL) for a period of six months on a pilot basis. The objective of the intervention is to protect the growers of fruits and vegetables from making distress sales.
  • In a Budget speech for 2021-2022, Government has announced the expansion of the scope of “Operation Greens scheme” from Tomato, Onion & Potato (TOP) to 22 perishable products, so as to boost value addition in agriculture and allied products and their exports.
  • 6th Amended Scheme Guideline for Short term Intervention under Operation Greens TOP to TOTAL.
  • Subsidy for transportation of all fruits & vegetables via any type of train service by Indian Railway under Operation Greens - TOP to TOTAL 

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi *

  • Hon'ble PM, Shri Narendra Modi released the 7th instalment of financial benefit under PM Kisan Samman Nidhi to establish Indian agricultural markets in the world.
  • More than 1,10,000 cr rupees have been released so far and 10.59 cr farmer families have been benefitted.
  • Under the PM-KISAN Scheme more than 1.60 lakh crore rupees have been transferred to more than 11.54 crore Farmers till December (2021)
  • As on 9th December 2021, the database of farmers registered under PM-KISAN includes 11.64 Crores farmers.

Crop Insurance Scheme *

  • The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) successfully completes 5 Years of operations on 13th January 2021. The Scheme benefits farmers who face crop losses due to various reasons.

Micro Irrigation Fund *

  • Micro Irrigation Fund with a corpus of INR 5,000 cr was created with NABARD during 2018-19 with an objective to facilitate the States in mobilizing the resources and to provide top-up/additional incentives to farmers for incentivising micro-irrigation beyond the provisions available under PMKSY-PDMC.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana *

  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojna (PMKMY) Scheme aims to provide a social security net for the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF) by way of pension, as they have minimal or no savings to sustain their livelihood during their old age and to support them in the event of the consequent loss of livelihood.
  • 21,42,718 Farmers have been enrolled under Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maandhan Yojana (PM-KMDY).

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY)*

  • Under the component schemes, MoFPI provides credit linked financial assistance (capital subsidy) in the form of grants-in-aid to entrepreneurs for setting up of food processing / preservation industries with farm level infrastructure like primary processing facilities, collection centers etc.
  • Total fund of INR 4439.20 cr has been allocated for the period from 2017-18 to 2022-23. Out of 4439.20 crore, INR 3566.80 crore has been released in form of grants-in-aid under PMKSY as on 28.02.2023.
  • GOI has continued the umbrella PMKSY scheme with an allocation of INR 4600 crores till March 2026. 
  • Under PMKSY, a total of 1375 food processing projects including projects of Food Testing Laboratories, Research & Development on food processing sector and Skill Development involving total grants-in-aid of INR 8536.14 crore. *
  • 41 Mega Food Parks, 376 Cold Chain projects, 79 Agro-Processing Clusters, , 485 Food Processing Units, 489 proposals under Creation/ Expansion of Food Processing & Preservation Capacities (CEFPPC), 61 Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages Projects & 52 Operation Green projects across the country have been approved. *
  • The scheme has assisted in benefitting 56.01 lakh farmers and generating 8.28 lakh employments. *
  • Projects completed under component schemes of PMKSY are estimated to benefit about 30.67 lakh farmers. *

Dairy processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF) *

  • DIDF is a programme wherein assistance at subsidised rate of interest (Interest Subvention) will be given. The project focuses on building an efficient milk procurement system by setting up of processing and chilling infrastructure & installation of electronic milk adulteration testing equipment at village level.

National Edible Oil Mission- Oil Palm *

  • National Mission on Edible Oils - Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) has been launched with the aim to augment the availability of edible oil in the country by harnessing area expansion, increasing crude palm oil production with the aim to reduce the import burden.
  • The salient features of NMEO-Oil palm include assistance for planting material, inputs for intercropping upto gestation period of 4 years and for maintenance, establishment of seed gardens, nurseries, micro irrigation, bore well/pumpset/water harvesting structure, vermi compost units, solar pumps, harvesting tools, custom hiring centre cum harvester Groups, farmers and officers training, and for replanting of old oil palm gardens etc.
  • The total approved cost of the NMEO (Oil Palm) Scheme is INR 11,040 crore. For the year 2021-22, a total of INR 10422.69 lakh has been approved for various state annual action plans.

National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) Scheme *

  • GOI had launched National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) Scheme with the objective of creating online transparent competitive bidding system to facilitate farmers with remunerative prices fotheirheir produce.
  • Under the e-NAM Scheme, Government is providing free software and assistance of INR 75.00 Lakh per mandi for related hardware including quality assaying equipments and creation of infrastructure like cleaning, grading, sorting, packaging and compost unit etc.
  • 1000 mandis of 18 States and 3 UTs have been integrated with e-NAM platform till November 2021.

Schemes on Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) *

  • Farmers are primarily encouraged for organic cultivation using organic fertilizers and provided hands-on training about on-farm production of organic fertilizers and its use. 
  • Organic cultivation on either side of River Ganga, large area certification and support for individual farmers has also been introduced under PKVY to increase coverage using organic fertilizers.

Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) *

  • The scheme has been introduced as a sub-scheme of PKVY for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices including Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF).
  • The scheme mainly emphasizes on exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs and promotes on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching, use of cow dung-urine formulations and plant based preparations.
  • Under BPKP, financial assistance of INR 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous handholding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis.
  • Until now, under natural farming an area of 4.09 lakh ha area has been covered and a total fund of INR 4980.99 lakh has been released in 8 States across the country.

National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) *

  • Financial assistance@ 50% subsidy to the tune of Rs. 300/- per ha is being provided for different components including bio-fertilizers, supply of Rhizobium culture/Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria (PSB)/ Zinc Solubilising Bacteria (ZSB)/ Azatobacter/ Mycorrhiza and vermi compost.

The SOP for drone regulation for pesticide application *

  • It covers important aspects like statutory provisions, flying permissions, area distance restrictions, weight classification, overcrowded areas restriction, drone registration, safety insurance, piloting certification, operation plan, air flight zones, weather conditions, SOPs for pre, post and during operation, emergency handling plan.

Conformity Assessment Scheme *

  • PM launches a Portal and Logo dedicated to the Conformity Assessment Scheme of milk products to ensure Quality & Food safety of Milk and Milk products across the country.

The Scheme focuses on: 

  • Simplify the certification process
  • Create an instantly recognisable logo for public to be reassured about dairy product quality
  • Increase the sales of milk and milk products in organized sector and in turn enhancing income of farmers
  • Develop a quality culture in the dairy sector

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)*

  • Government is implementing the flagship scheme of PMMSY for benefit of fishers and fish farmers in the country with a highest outlay of INR 20050 crore. The scheme will increase the fish production and productivity and improve the socio-economic status of the fishers.

  • PMMSY, is implemented over a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories and has set a target of INR 1,00,000 crore fisheries export, additional 70 lakh tonnes fish production, and generation of employment for 55 lakh people in the years to come.

National Food Security Mission (NFSM) *

  • The Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (DA&FW) is implementing a Sub-Mission on Nutri-Cereals (Millets) to enhance area, production & productivity of millets including bajra.
  • Under this Sub-Mission, bajra is being promoted in 89 districts of 9 states including 14 districts of Gujarat. North Eastern States, Himachal Pradesh and UTs of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh have been given flexibility to include the districts under programme.
  • Through the efforts made by the Government, the production of millets has increased from 14.52 million tonnes in 2015-16 to 17.96 million tonnes in 2020-21.
  • The production of bajra has also increased from 8.07 million tonnes to 10.86 million tonnes during the same period.
Financial Support

Union Budget 2023-24*

  • The total budget of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, including Agricultural Education and Research, is about INR 1.25 lakh crore this time.
  • Out of this, provision of INR 60,000 crore has been made for the Modi Government's ambitious scheme, - the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan).
  • Focusing on Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries, the agricultural loan target has been increased to INR 20 lakh crore.
  • Provision of INR 450 crore has been made for the Digital Agriculture Mission started by the Modi Government, and about INR 600 crore allocated for the promotion of Agriculture sector through technology.
Investment Opportunities


  • Fruits and vegetables: preserved, candied, glazed and crystallized fruits and vegetables, juices, jams, jellies, purees, soups, powders, dehydrated vegetables, flakes, shreds and ready-to-eat curries.
  • Food preservation by fermentation: wine, beer, vinegar, yeast preparation, alcoholic beverages. Beverages: fruit-based, cereal-based.
  • Dairy: liquid milk, curd, flavored yogurt, processed cheese, cottage cheese, Swiss cheese, blue cheese, ice cream, milk-based sweets.
  • Food additives and nutraceuticals.
  • Confectionery and bakery: cookies and crackers, biscuits, bread, cakes and frozen dough.
  • Meat and poultry: eggs, egg powder, cut meats, sausages and other value-added products. Fish, seafood and fish processing – processing and freezing units.
  • Grain processing – oil milling sector, rice, pulse milling and flour milling sectors.
  • Food preservation and packaging: metal cans, aseptic packs.
  • Food processing equipment: canning, dairy and food processing, specialty processing, packaging, frozen food/refrigeration and thermo-processing.
  • Consumer food: packaged food, aerated soft drinks and packaged drinking water. Spice pastes.
  • Supply chain infrastructure – this niche has investment potential in food processing infrastructure, the government’s focus is on supply chain related infrastructures like cold storage, abattoirs and food parks.
  • The establishment of food parks – a unique opportunity for entrepreneurs, including foreign investors to enter in the Food Processing industry in India.
  • One District One Focus Product (ODOFP) programme cover products of agriculture and allied sectors for 728 districts of the country.


Explore projects to invest in Food Processing sector >

Sector Reports
  1. State Ranking Index for NFSA: Creating resilient food systems to optimize the delivery of benefits
  2. Production of Ethanol: To realise Aatmanirbhar Bharat
  3. Year End Review 2022: Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  4. Year End Review 2022: Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying
  5. Annual Report 2021-22, Department of Agriculture & Framers Welfare
  6. Annual Report 2021-22, Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  7. Study to Determine Post Harvest Losses of Agri Produces
Foreign Investors
  • Kraft (USA)
  • Mars (USA)
  • Nestle (Switzerland)
  • McCain (Canada)
  • Danone (France)
  • Ferrero (Italy)
  • Del Monte (USA)
  • Kagome (Japan)
  • Kelloggs (USA)
  • Pepsi (USA)
  • Unilever (United Kingdom)
  • Perfetti (Italy)
  • Cargill (USA)
  • Coca Cola (USA)
  • Hershey (USA)
  • Metro Cash & Carry (Germany)
  • Walmart (US)
  • Yakult (Japan)
  • Amazon (USA)
  1. Nivesh Bandhu, Investor Portal,
  2. Annual Report 2018-19, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry Of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare,
  3. Annual Report 2018-19, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  4. Nivesh Bandhu, Investor Portal,
  5. Annual Report 2018-19, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry Of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare,
  6. Nivesh Bandhu, Investor Portal,
  7. World Food India – 2019, Consulate General of India,
  8. Nivesh Bandhu, Investor Portal,
  9. Annual Report 2018-19, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  10. “Annual Survey of Industries Vol I 2017-18”, National Sample Survey Office – Industrial Statistics Wing, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation,
  11. Annual Report 2018-19, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  12. Consolidated FDI Policy,
  13. National Manufacturing Policy, DPIIT,
  14. Press Release, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  15. Loans For Food Parks And Food Processing Units In Designated Food Parks, NABARD,
  16. Draft National Food Processing Policy, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  17. About PMKSY Scheme, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  18. Cabinet approves Central Sector Scheme  of financing   facility under   'Agriculture Infrastructure Fund', PIB,
  19. Expenditure Budget - Ministry of Food Processing Industries, India Budget,
  20. Expenditure Budget - Central Sector Schemes, India Budget,
  21. Cabinet approves establishment of Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund, PIB,
  22. State/UT-wise details of Mega Food Park projects as of 27.02.2020, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  23. Consolidated list of State-wise 291 Approved Cold Chain Projects as on 30.04.2020, Ministry of Food Processing Industries,
  24. Nivesh Bandhu, Investor Portal,
  25. Signing of MOU between the Government of India and the United Nations' World Food Programme for cooperation during 2019 – 2023, Department Of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare,
  26. Factsheet on FDI - April 2000 to March 2022, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade,

  27. Ministry Notice,
  28. Ministry Notice,
  32. PIB Release,
  34. PIB Release,
  37. PIB Release,
  38. PIB Release,
  39. PIB Release,
  40. Year-End Review 2020 of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare,
  41. PIB Release,
  43. PIB Release,
  44. PIB Release,
  45. PIB Release,
  46. PIB Release,
  47. PIB Release,

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