Mining

Summary
  • The Mining industry in India is one of the core industries of the economy. It provides basic raw materials to many important industries.
  • India is the world’s second-largest coal producer and the 5th largest country in terms of coal deposits. 
  • India Targets 1.2 bn Ton Coal Production By 2023-24.
  • India has become the world’s second largest producer as well as consumer of steel. During the financial year 2020-21, the total finished steel consumption in the country was 96.2 mn Tonnes and is expected to reach about 160 mn Tonnes (MT) by 2024-25 and about 250 MT by 2030-31.
  • India is home to 1,531 operating mines and  produces 95 minerals, which includes 4 fuels, 10 metallic, 23 non-metallic, 3 atomic and 55 minor minerals (including building and other materials).*
  • Based on the geological mapping of the country, an area of 571,000 sq. km, out of a total of 3.1 mn sq. km. has been demarcated as an Obvious Geological Potential (OGP) area, where the geological potential for the occurrence of mineral deposits is higher.*
  • India has rich deposits of coal in the world. The total estimated reserves of coal in 2020 were 344.02 bn tonnes, an addition of 17.53 bn tonnes over 2019 in the corresponding period. 
  • Metals sector engages 11.49 lakhs of people consisting of 7.06 % of the total employment share.
Reasons to Invest
  • Coal Ministry Aims to Enhance Coal Production to 1. 23 Bn Ton by 2024-25.*
  • Coal production from captive mines is expected to touch 140 mn ton in 2022*
  • India has large reserves of Iron ore, Bauxite, Chromium, Manganese ore, Baryte, Rare earth and Mineral salts.
  • India has vast mineral potential with mining leases granted for the longer and stable tenure of 50 years.
  • Consumption of steel has increased in the rural India from 19 Kg in 2019-20 to 21.5 kg per capita for the year 2020-21. GOI aims to increase the awareness and consumption of steel in rural areas. *
  • The vision of National Steel Policy 2017 is to increase steel production capacity in India to 300 mn tonnes by 2030-31, per capita steel consumption to 160 KG, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, many targets have been set.*
  • GOI has set a target outlay of more than 111 lakh crores in National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) by 2024-25, which will increase the demand for steel as well as reduce the cost of production of steel. The slurry pipeline will have an outlay of more than 25,000 crores. The process involved in installation of slurry pipeline has been simplified.* 
  • First Mile Connectivity (FMC) is a major initiative by coal companies to minimise environmental pollution, where coal is being transported through conveyor belt from Coal Handling Plants to Silo for loading. The process eliminates movement of coal through road. 39 such projects have been planned to be commissioned by 2023-24 with an investment of over INR 13000 crores.
  • CIL is constructing 21 additional railway sidings at an estimated investment of INR 3,370 crores across four of its subsidiaries which include both greenfield and brownfield ones to be commissioned by FY24. CIL aims to move about 555 MT of coal per year through mechanized means by FY24.*
  • GOI aims to achieve a target of 300 Mn Tonnes of Steel capacity by the year 2030.*
  • Government has launched Coking Coal Mission to meet the demand of domestic coking coal as projected by the Ministry of Steel and has set target of 140 Mn for raw coking Coal production by 2030.*
  • Government has launched coal gasification mission with a target to gasify 100 MT by 2030. Under this mission, Surface Coal/Lignite Gasification projects are being constructed.*

Explore more about infrastructure availability in Mining sector >

Key Achievements
  • National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC), a public enterprise under Ministry of Steel produced 8.91 mn tonnes of iron and steel.
  • National Mineral Exploration Trust (NMET) has approved 187 exploration projects with a total cost of Rs.895.72 crore up to 31st December 2019. Among this total 69 projects have already been completed and 118 projects are ongoing. 
  • WCL has developed a huge Eco-Park in its mining area near Nagpur and is running Eco-Mine Tourism Circuit, a first of its kind in India, in collaboration with MTDC where people visit mining operations of both Opencast & Underground Mine. On a similar pattern, Eco-Mine Tourism Circuit is going to start shortly in different coal companies with an investment of over INR 100 crores to showcase efforts made by coal companies in environmental protection. 
  • GOI has handed over 52 Geological Survey of India (GSI) approved mine blocks to 15 State Governments. An E-portal of an accreditation scheme for Mineral exploration has been launched to increase transparency and Ease of Doing Business.
  • Twenty Four Eco Parks Developed By Coal India and Subsidiaries.
  • National Mineral Exploration Trust Completes 117 Projects out of 200 Approved Mineral Projects.
  • Project Information & Management Module of Single Window Clearance System (SWCS) is launched to create a platform to obtain various clearances for operationalization of coal mines in the country. *
  • The first six lane highway road is made by using Steel Slag at Surat, Gujrat to connect the port with the city. *
  • BiSAG-N has created an application through which Ministry of Steel is planning to upload the Geo location of more than two thousand steel units (including big players) functioning in the country.*
Recent Announcements

23rd September 2022: Coal India Ltd to ink MoU with Three Major PSUs for Coal to Chemical Products.

Read More

 

5th September 2022: Overall Coal Production Increases by 8.27% to 58.33 mn Ton in August, 2022.

Read More

 

1st September: Coal Ministry Aims to Enhance Coal Production to 1. 23 Bn Ton by 2024-25.

Read More

 

18 August 2022: Last date of applications under the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Specialty Steel extended up to 15.09.2022

Read More

 

27th July 2022: Government has Launched Coking Coal Mission to Meet the Demand of Domestic Coking Coal.

Read More

Statistics
  • Steel usage in India climbed from 57.8 kg in 2013–14 to 77 kg in 2022 and is predicted to reach 220 kg by 2047.*
  • India’s coal production increased by 32.57% to 67.59 Mn Ton (MT) from 50.98 MT during June 2022 as compared to June 2021. *
  • The value of production of minerals under the ambit of Mineral Conservation and Development Rules (MCDR) was INR 78,461 crore during the year 2020-21 as against INR 44,833 crore, which is the average for the years 2013-14 and 2015-16.* 
  • Coal production (weight: 10.33 %) increased by 11.4 % in July 2022 over July 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 26.6 % during April to July 2022-23 over corresponding period of the previous year.*
  • Steel production (weight: 17.92 %) increased by 5.7 % in July 2022 over July 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 6.5 % during April to July 2022-23 over the corresponding period of previous year.*
  • Exports of Mica, Coal & Other Ores, Minerals including processed minerals values at USD 492.07 mn in June 2022 and records positive growth vis-à-vis June 2021 of 29.28%.*
  • Exports of Iron Ore values at USD 11.16 mn in June 2022.*
  • Production level of important minerals in July, 2022 were: Coal 603 lakh tonnes, Lignite 33 lakh tonnes, Natural gas (utilized) 2811 million cu. m., Petroleum (crude) 25 lakh tonnes, Bauxite 1526 thousand tonnes, Chromite 192 thousand tonnes, Copper conc. 9 thousand tonnes , Gold 93 kg, Iron ore 155 lakh tonnes, Lead conc. 29 thousand tonnes, Manganese ore 153 thousand tonnes, Zinc conc. 127 thousand tonnes, Limestone 306 lakh tonnes, Phosphorite 160 thousand tonnes, Magnesite 10 thousand tonnes, and Diamond 22 carat. *
  • Important minerals showing positive growth during July, 2022 over July, 2021 include: Phosphorite (39.3%), Coal (11.2%), Copper conc (8.8%), and Zinc conc (5.9%).*
  • During the year 2021-22, the transportation of Coal through Railways has recorded 111 Mn tonnes and loaded a record 653 Mn Tonnes as compared to 542 Mn tonnes in the previous year i.e. a growth of 20.4 %.
  • The Average Index of Industrial Production of the Mining Sector in the FY 2021-22 is 113.3 and has grown by 12.2 percent.
  • The Average Index of Industrial Production of Manufacturing of basic metals in the FY 2021-22 is 177.3 and has grown by 18.4 percent.
  • The index of mineral production of mining and quarrying sector for the month of April, 2022 (Base: 2011-12=100) at 116.0, was 7.8% higher as compared to the level in the month of April 2021.*
  • The cumulative growth of index of mineral production of mining and quarrying sector for the period April- March 2021-22 over the corresponding period of the previous year has increased 12.2 percent.
  • Coal based power generation has registered a growth of 26.58% in June 2022 as compared to June 2021. The overall power generation in June 2022 has been 17.73% higher than in June 2021.*      
  • India has increased installed capacity of production of steel by 50% to 155 mn tonnes in Financial Year 2022 from around 100 mn tonnes in financial year 2014.*
Growth Drivers
  • Coal production has increased considerably from 577 Mn Ton in 2014 to 817 Mn Ton as on July 2022 and the overall production during this fiscal is likely to cross 920 Mn Ton. *
  • GOI aims to utilise the coal loading system at Paradip Port to increase coal transportation through the sea route and make it a coal hub.
  • Minerals like manganese, lead, copper, alumina are expected to witness double-digit growth in the years ahead. There is a significant scope for new mining capacities in iron ore, bauxite, and coal.
  • India has an advantage in the cost of production and in conversion costs of steel and alumina.
  • Fourteen Railway Projects Costing INR 22,067 crores being Undertaken to Enhance Coal Transportation Efficiency and further enhancing the capacity of coal evacuation process which will help in reducing the time and cost incurred in the transportation of the coal. These projects will cover the distance of 2680 Km approximately, which will be spread across the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
  • Development of 23 project works of length 600.13 Km under CRIF scheme for FY 2021-22 in the State of Madhya Pradesh has been approved with a budget outlay of INR 1814.90 Crores.
  • NMDC signs MoU with IIT Kharagpur for Drone-Based Mineral Exploration.  The collaboration would lead to the development of software spectral tools for mineral excavation and capacity building programs on mining technology.
  • Coal Sector to Invest INR 12500 Crore for 35 First Mile Connectivity Projects.
  • Coal Companies & Indian Railways have envisaged to jointly ensure per day coal loading of 415 rakes of domestic coal and 30 rakes of imported coal to power sector.
  • Ministry of Coal has undertaken 13 Railway Projects to develop multimodal connectivity and identified missing infrastructure gaps for each projects. The projects will be developed in the States of Jharkhand and Odisha and to facilitate movement of coal with rapid logistics and wider connectivity for all the commercial miners.*
  • Coal Ministry Expects Operationalization of 58 Coal Blocks During 2022-23; Targets 138.28 Million Ton Coal Production. *
  • As part of various sustainable activities, Coal India Ltd (CIL) has undertaken– Conservation of coal mine pit lakes, maintenance of ecological character of wet lands and inclusion of such pit lakes in prestigious Ramsar List with the assistance of respective State Governments and the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC).*
  • Talcher coalfields has produced more than 95 MT coal  during  FY22 and likely to produce about 200 MT by FY 2024-25 and about 300 by FY 2030 from Mahanadi Coalfields Limited and allocated coal blocks. *
  • To ensure efficient coal evacuation, construction of rail line started in a phased manner in Talcher Coalfields namely MCRL (Mahanadi Coal Railway Limited).*
  • An MoU was signed between STPI, STPINEXT and RINL-VSP (Visakhapatnam Steel Plant) for Industry 4.0 CoE (Kalpataru) for promotion of Innovation & Startup activities for RINL and other industries in and around Visakhapatnam.* 
FDI Policy

FDI up to 100% under the automatic route is allowed in:

  1. Mining and exploration of metal and non-metal ores including diamond, gold, silver and precious ores but excluding titanium bearing minerals and its ores; subject to the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957.
  2. Coal and Lignite mining for captive consumption by power projects, iron and steel cement units and other eligible activities permitted under and subject to the provisions of Coal Mines Nationalization Act, 1973.
  3. Setting up coal processing plans like washeries subject to the condition that the company shall not do coal mining and shall not sell washed coal or sized coal from its coal processing plants in the open market and shall supply the washed or sized coal to those parties who are supplying raw coal to coal processing plans for washing or sizing.

Commercial mining, with a provision for 100% foreign investment, has also been allowed by the Government:

  1. Mining and mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities.
  2. Mining and mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities subject to industry regulations and the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation Act 1957).

The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Mining Industry is USD 3,244.42 mn during the period April 2000 to March 2022. *

The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Coal Production is USD  27.73 mn during the period April 2000 to March 2022.

The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Diamond, Gold Ornaments is USD 1,213.05 mn during the period April 2000 to March 2022.

The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Metallurgical Industries is USD 17,014.60 mn during the period April 2000 to March 2022. This constitutes 2.89% of the total FDI inflow received across sectors.

Read more about Foreign Direct Investment Policy in India >

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to introduce the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme in Specialty Steel for Enhancing India’s Manufacturing Capabilities and Enhancing Exports – Atmanirbhar Bharat.

Financial Outlay- INR 6,322 cr

Products: Coated Steel, High Strengh Steel, Steel Rails, A-lly Steel Bars & Rods

For more details on PLI Schemes, Click Here

Sector Policy
  • MCDR have been framed under section 18 of the MMDR Act, 1957. The highlights of amendments in the Rules are as follows:
    (i) Rules prescribed that that all plans and sections related to mine shall be prepared by combination of Digital Global Positioning System (DGPS) or Total Station or by drone survey in relation to certain or all leases as may be specified by Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM).
    (ii) New Rule inserted to provide for submission of digital images of mining area by lessees and Letter of Intent holders. Lessees having annual excavation plan of 1 million tonne or more or having leased area of 50 hectare or more are required to submit drone survey images of leased area and up to 100 meters outside the lease boundary every year. Other lessees to submit high resolution satellite images. This step will not only improve mine planning practices, security and safety in the mines but also ensure better supervision of mining operations.
    (iii) Requirement of submitting satellite images obtained from CARTOSAT-2 satellite LISS-IV sensor on the scale of cadastral map deleted in view of the insertion of provision for submission of high resolution Georeferenced Ortho-rectified Multispectral satellite and use of drone survey as per Rule 34A.
    (iv) Provision of daily return omitted to reduce compliance burden. Power of taking action against incomplete or wrong or false information in monthly or annual returns given to IBM, in addition to State Govt.
    (v) Allowed engagement of a part-time mining engineer or a part-time geologist for category 'A' mines having leased area below 25 hectares. This will ease compliance burden for small miners.
    (vi) In order to increase employment opportunity, diploma in mining and mine surveying granted by duly recognized institute along with a second class certificate of competency issued by the Director General of Mines Safety is added in qualification for full time Mining Engineer. Also, qualification for part time Mining Engineer added.
    (vii) Penalty provisions in the rules have been rationalized. Previously, the rules provided for penalty of imprisonment upto 2 years or fine upto 5 lakh rupees or both for violation of each and every rule irrespective of the severity of the violation. 
    (viii) Provision of forfeiture of financial assurance or performance security of the lease holder added in case of non-submission of final mine closure plan within the period specified.
    (ix) Amount of financial assurance increased to five lakh rupees for Category ‘A’ mines and three lakh rupees for Category ‘B’ mines from existing three and two lakh rupees, respectively.
  • The MCR, 2016 has been amended to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Amendment) Act, 1957 w.e.f. 28.03.2021 with the objectives of increasing employment and investment in the mining sector, increase revenue to the States, increase the production and time bound operationalisation of mines, increase the pace of exploration and auction of mineral resources, etc. 
    The highlights of amendments in the Rules are as follows:
    (i) New rules inserted to provide manner of sale of 50% of mineral produced from the captive leases. 
    (ii) Provision added to allow disposal of overburden/ waste rock/ mineral below the threshold value, which is generated during the course of mining or beneficiation of the mineral. 
    (iii) Minimum area for grant of mining lease has been revised from 5 ha. to 4 ha. For certain specific deposits, minimum 2 ha. is provided.
    (iv) Part surrender of mining lease area allowed in all cases. Presently, part surrender was allowed only in case of non-grant of forest clearance.
    (v) Rules amended to allow transfer of composite licence or mining lease of all types of mine.
    (vi) New rules inserted to provide for mutation of ML/ CL in favour legal heirs on death of the lessee or licencee.
    (vii) Interest on delayed payments revised from existing 24% to 12%.
    (viii) Rules regarding period of mining lease granted to Government companies and their payments incorporated in the MCR, 2016.
    (ix) Penalty provisions in the rules have been rationalized. Previously, the rules provided for penalty of imprisonment upto 2 years or fine upto 5 lakh rupees or both for violation of each and every rule irrespective of the severity of the violation. Amendment in the rules categorized the violations of the rules under the following major heads:
    o    Major Violations: Penalty of imprisonment, fine or both.
    o    Minor Violations: Penalty reduced. Penalty of only fine for such violations prescribed.
    o    Violation of other rules has been decriminalized. These rules did not cast any significant obligation on the concession holder or any other person. Thus, violation of 49 rules has been decriminalized.
     (X) Rescission of two rules, have been notified namely, Minerals (Transfer of Mining Leases Granted Otherwise than through Auction for Captive Purpose) Rules, 2016 and Mineral (Mining by Government Company), Rules, 2015. Read More
  • The Government has amended the Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation Act 1957 (MMDR Act). The amendment removed discretion by instituting auction to be the sole method of grant of major mineral concessions and, thereby bringing in greater transparency. It also provided the much-needed impetus to the mining industry by deemed extension of mining leases. The Salient features of the recent amendments are:
    • Mineral Concessions Grant Through Auctions to bring transparency and remove discretion.
    • District Mineral Foundation (DMF) to address the grievances of the people affected by mining and in turn improve the image of the mining industry.
    • National Mineral Exploration Trust (NMET) for incentivizing regional and detailed exploration to fill the gaps in exploration in the country.
    • Mining Leases for 50 years and even the existing leases deemed extended eliminating any renewals for security of tenure.
    • Stronger penal provisions have been put in place to check illegal mining. A penalty of up to (approximately) USD 7200 per hectare of the area and jail term of up to 5 years is the probable punishment for illegal mining.17
  • National Mineral Exploration Policy 2019, the aim on the National Mineral Policy (NMP) 2019 is to have an effective, meaningful and implementable policy that brings further transparency, better regulation and enforcement, balanced social and economic growth as well as sustainable mining practices. The NMP 2019 focuses on the Government’s Make in India initiative and gender sensitivity in terms of its vision.21 The NMP 2019 aims to attract private investment through incentives while the efforts would be made to maintain a database of mineral resources and tenements under the mining tenement system.
  • Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to introduce the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme in Speciality Steel Sector through the Ministry of Steel of with a financial outlay of INR 6322 cr over a five-year period for Enhancing India’s Manufacturing Capabilities and Enhancing Exports – Atmanirbhar Bharat.
    Read More
  •  Mission Purvodaya emphasized to harness the untapped potential of the region to fuel the next wave of national growth. The focus was on Eastern India towards self-reliance and contribution in the making of Aatmanirbhar Bharat. India’s annual per capita steel consumption is 74.1 kg and is one-third the global average (224.5kg). 28
  • National Geoscience Data Repository (NGDR)37
    Collation, assimilation, and integration of the data generated from the National Geoscience Data Repository and Geochemical, Geophysical, and Aero Geophysical Mapping Programs to identify more areas for mineral exploration.
  • National Mineral Policy, 2019 inter alia provides that dedicated mineral corridors shall be planned to facilitate transport of minerals from mining areas in hinterland alongwith encouraging the local evacuation networks to be built in an integrated manner.

 

Explore Government policies/ schemes in Mining sector >

Financial Support

Bills41

  • The Mines and Minerals (Developments and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2021 proposes to develop the mining sector to its full potential for faster economic growth.

UNION BUDGET 2022-23

  • The total budgetary allocation for FY 2022-23 towards the  Ministry of Coal is INR 393.24 cr.
  • The total budgetary allocation for FY 2022-23 towards the Ministry of Mines is INR  1,508 cr.
  • The total budgetary allocation for FY 2022-23 towards the Ministry of Steel is INR 47  cr.
Investment Opportunities

Post Auction Mining Clearances and Approvals Facilitator

Mineral blocks of non-minor minerals are being put up for auctions by the States for Mining or Prospecting cum Mining, depending on their level of exploration. The grant process is to be completely transparent through competitive bidding on an e-auction portal. An Inter-Ministerial Group, Post Auction Mining Clearances and Approvals Facilitator (PAMCAF) has been constituted which will expedite the requisite clearances to enable the early start of mining activity.19

National Mineral Policy 2019

The aim on the National Mineral Policy (NMP) 2019 is to have an effective, meaningful and implementable policy that brings further transparency, better regulation and enforcement, balanced social and economic growth as well as sustainable mining practices. The NMP 2019 focuses on the Government’s Make in India initiative and gender sensitivity in terms of its vision.20 

The NMP 2019 aims to attract private investment through incentives while the efforts would be made to maintain a database of mineral resources and tenements under the mining tenement system.

 

Explore projects to invest in Mining sector >

Foreign Investors
  • ​BHP Billiton (Australia)
  • Rio Tinto (Australia)
  • De Beers (Anglo American)
  • Australian Indian Resources (Australia)
  • India Resources Limited (Australia)
Agencies
Sources
  1. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pd
  2. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  3. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  4. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  5. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  6. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  7. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  8. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  9. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  10. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2017-18, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/Mines_AR_2017-18_English.pdf
  11. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2017-18, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/Mines_AR_2017-18_English.pdf
  12. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2017-18, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/Mines_AR_2017-18_English.pdf
  13. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  14. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  15. “Ministry of Mines”, Annual Report 2018-19, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/English637094270360450099.pdf
  16. "Mineral Production during March 2020 (Provisional)", PIB, https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx PRID=1624315#:~:text=Production%20level%20of%20important%20minerals,582%20thousand%20tonnes%2C%20Copper%20conc.
  17. “Ministry of Law and Justice”, The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, https://www.mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/The_Mines-and-Minerals_Amendment_Act,2015.pdf
  18. Summary of Union Budget 2020-21, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1601475
  19. “Mineral Resources Department”, Investment Opportunities, http://chhattisgarhmines.gov.in/en/investment-opportunities
  20. “Ministry of Mines”, National Mineral Policy 2019 approved by Cabinet, http://www.pib.nic.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1566734
  21. Factsheet on FDI - April 2000 to December 2021, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, https://dpiit.gov.in/sites/default/files/FDI%20Factsheet%20December%2C%202021.pdf
  22. “Ministry of Mines”, Monthly report https://coal.nic.in/sites/upload_files/coal/files/coalupload/13102020september.pdf
  23. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1670977
  24. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, http://petroleum.nic.in/sites/default/files/cabsept20.pdf
  25. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1671487
  26. “Ministry of Coal”, Monthly Report https://coal.nic.in/sites/upload_files/coal/files/coalupload/17112020october.pdf
  27. “Ministry of Mines”, Monthly report, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/October%202020%20Monthly%20Summary01122020.pdf
  28. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1673977
  29. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1678327
  30. https://dea.gov.in/sites/default/files/MER_03122020%28F%29.pdf
  31. Monthly Summary, https://mines.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/October%202020%20Monthly%20Summary01122020.pdf
  32. Monthly Summary, https://steel.gov.in/sites/default/files/monthly%20summary%20nov%2C%2020%20-pdf_compressed_0.pdf
  33. http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2020/223900.pdf
  34. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1685071
  35. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1687683
  36. PIB Release, http://coal.nic.in/sites/default/files/2021-01/document18012021.pdf
  37. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1692109
  38. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1704810
  39. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1706110
  40. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1706560
  41. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1707544
  42. PIB Release, https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1740728

Have a Query? Connect to us